ਮਦਦ:ਥਾਈ ਅਤੇ ਲਾਓ ਲਈ IPA

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ’ਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Thai and Lao pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants
IPA Thai Lao English approximation
abash
ฎ,ด ado
ฝ,ฟ ຝ,ຟ food
ห,ฮ ຫ,ຮ head
ญ,ย,อย,หย yak
scan
(//)[੧] ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ ຂ,ຄ can
ล,ฬ,หล ລ,ຫຼ leaf
ม,หม ມ,ໝ much
ณ,น,หน ນ,ໜ not
ง,หง ງ,ຫງ bang
[੨] ຍ,ຫຍ canyon
span
ผ,พ,ภ ຜ,ພ pan
ร,หร ຣ,ຫຼ ,ຫຣ roughly like water (American English)
ซ,ศ,ษ,ส ສ,ຊ sue
ฏ,ต stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ ຖ,ທ table
question
[੩] ฉ, ช, ฌ cheese
ว,หว ວ,ຫວ way
อ, ะ the catch in uh-oh
 
Tone
IPA Description
= mid
low
falling (Thai), high falling (Lao)
low falling (Lao only)
high
mid rising
Vowels
IPA Thai[੪] Lao English approximation
Short vowels
◌ะ, ◌ั◌ ◌ະ, ◌ັ◌ cut
เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌ ເ◌ະ, ເ◌ັ◌ roughly like say
แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌ ແ◌ະ, ແ◌ັ◌ set
◌ิ, ◌ิ◌ ◌ິ happy
โ◌ะ, ◌◌ ໂ◌ະ, ◌ົ◌ roughly like law (British English) (shorter)
เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌ ◌ໍ lot
◌ุ, ◌ุ◌ ◌ຸ food (shorter)
◌ึ, ◌ึ◌ ◌ຶ good
เ◌อะ ເ◌ິະ, ເ◌ິ◌ roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌ ◌າ bra
เ◌, เ◌◌ ເ◌ play
แ◌, แ◌◌ ແ◌ says
◌ี, ◌ี◌ ◌ີ green
โ◌, โ◌◌ ໂ◌ roughly like law (British English)
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌ ◌ໍ, ◌ອ lawn
◌ู, ◌ู, ◌ູ moon
◌ือ, ◌ื◌ ◌ື good (longer)
เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌ ເ◌ີ roughly like fur
Diphthongs[੫][੬]
เ◌ียะ ເ◌ັຽະ No English equivalent
เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌ ເ◌ັຽ idea
◌ัวะ ◌ົວະ No English equivalent
◌ัว, ◌ว◌ ◌ົວ poor (British English)
เ◌ือะ ເ◌ຶອະ No English equivalent
เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌ ເ◌ຶອ No English equivalent

Notes[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. Allophone in Northern Thai dialect
  2. Not present in Standard or Southern Thai
  3. Standard and Southern Thai only
  4. Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".
  5. More diphthongs occur in the pattern /Vw/ or /Vj/: .
  6. Thai pronunciation follows the former listing, with /a/ as the ending vowel (according to Tingsabadh, Kalaya; Arthur S. Abramson (1993). "Thai". Journal of the International Phonetic Association 23 (1): 24–28. doi:10.1017/S0025100300004746. ).

ਫਰਮਾ:IPA keys horizontal