ਮਦਦ:ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ ਲਈ IPA

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ’ਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Persian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Persian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Persian.

Consonants[੧]
IPA ਅੱਖਰ ਮਿਸਾਲਾਂ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਤੁਲ
ب برادر beet
د د‫وست‬ den
ج جوان jazz
ف فشار fast
گ گروه gate
غ
[੨] ق
باغ between gate and hat
قلم
ه
ح
هفت hat
ی یا yard
ک کشور cat[੩]
ل لب land
م مادر man[੪]
ن نان neck
‫پ‬ ‫پدر‬ pen[੩]
ر ایران bitter in American English[੫]
س
ص
ث
سایه sock
‫ش‬ ‫شاه‬ shah
ت
ط
تا tall[੩]
چ چوب chip[੩]
و ویژه oven
خ خانه loch (Scottish)
ز
ذ
ض
ظ
آزاد jazz[੬]
ژ ژاله vision[੭]
ع
ء
معنا As in water, better, Let's go! in (Cockney) - department, not now! in RP - See T-glottalization
Marginal consonants
نگ رنگ sing[੮]
Stress
[੯] ایران
again
Vowels
IPA Letter Examples English approximation
Monophthongs
َ   ا[੧੦] نه bat
ا تا As in the interjection aw but slightly shorter in length - similar to caught (American English) or not (English English)
[੧੧] ِ   ا[੧੦] که between bate and bet[੧੨]
ی کی beat
ا   ُ   و[੧੦] تو boat (but shorter)[੧੩]
و تو boot
Diphthongs
ی کی bay, they
[੧੪] و نو flow

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. Persian consonants can be geminated, especially in words from ਅਰਬੀ. This is represented in IPA by doubling the consonant: .
  2. In Tehrani Persian, when (spelled either غ or ق) occurs at the beginning and the end of a word, it is realized as a voiced uvular plosive , the allophone is probably influenced by Turkic languages like Azeri; the sounds remain distinct in Persian dialects of southern Iran and Eastern Persian dialects (Dari and Tajik).
  3. ੩.੦ ੩.੧ ੩.੨ ੩.੩ The unvoiced stops are aspirated much like their English counterparts: they become aspirated when they begin a syllable, though aspiration is not contrastive.
  4. Also an allophone of before bilabial consonants.
  5. A trilled allophone occurs word-initially in native vocabulary (Spanish/Italian/Russian R); trill as a separate phoneme occurs word-medially in loanwords of especially Arabic origin as a result of gemination of .
  6. Also an allophone of before voiced consonants.
  7. Also an allophone of before voiced consonants.
  8. Velar nasal [ŋ] is an allophone of /n/ before [g], [k], [ɣ], [ɢ], and [x] in native vocabulary.
  9. Stress falls on the last stem syllable of most words. For the various exception and other clarifications, see Persian phonology#Stress
  10. ੧੦.੦ ੧੦.੧ ੧੦.੨ In the modern Persian script, the "short" vowels , , are usually not written as is done in the Arabic alphabet; only the long vowels , , are represented in the text. This, of course, creates certain ambiguities.
  11. is also an allophone of in word-final position in contemporary Iranian Persian.
  12. The Persian doesn't quite line up with any English vowel, though the nearest equivalents are the vowel of bate (for most English dialects) and the vowel of bet; the Persian vowel is usually articulated at a point between the two.
  13. The Persian doesn't quite line up with any English vowel, though the nearest equivalents are the vowel of boat (for most English dialects) and the vowel of raw; the Persian vowel is usually articulated at a point between the two.
  14. /ou/ becomes [o] in colloquial Tehrani dialect but is preserved in other Western dialects and standard Western Persian.

ਫਰਮਾ:IPA keys horizontal