ਮਦਦ:ਬੁਲਗਾਰੀਆਈ ਅਤੇ ਮਕਦੂਨੀਆਈ ਲਈ IPA

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ’ਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Bulgarian and Standard Macedonian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

When two examples are given, the first is in Bulgarian and the second in Macedonian. When one example is given, the word has the same spelling in both languages.

English approximations are in some cases very rough, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Bulgarian language#Phonology and Macedonian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

IPA ਮਿਸਾਲਾਂ Nearest English equivalent
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Flag of Macedonia.svg
ਵਿਅੰਜਨ
баба box
кьопоолу,[੧] ќар school
дом dust
дзифт, ѕвезда birds
джем, џем jab
филм fact
гарван good
гяур,[੧] ѓавол argue
паяк, пајак yes
къща, куќа skill
лимон list
зелје will callyou
лош milk
любов million
море mocha
нимфа symphony
нос north
конјуктура bin‿yard
баня, бања canyon
банка sing
пет speak
работа robot (trilled)
прст US: verb (trilled)
стол salt, mask
шума sugar
тайна, тајна style
цар bats
чай, чај cheese
вода view
хартия, хартија loch (Scotland)
зима zoo
жълт, жолт pleasure
Marginal consonants
Попокатепетл little
њутн button
видях го between go and ahold
Хюз Hughes
уиски water
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Flag of Macedonia.svg
Vowels
брат father
кът plus (General American, Scotland)
цена edge
сив police
слон chlorine
хубав, убав pool
Reduced vowels
щерка, камък butter
закачалка, гълъбарник sofa
нещо, уста coat
Marginal vowels
ксмет sofa
IPA Explanation
Stress
Denotes stress on the following syllable
(B) Denotes secondary stress on the following syllable
Palatalization
(B) Denotes palatalization of the preceding consonant

Sources[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • Жобов, Владимир (2004), Звуковете в българския език
  • Lunt, Horace G. (1952), Grammar of the Macedonian Literary Language, Skopje 
  • Scatton, Ernest A. (1984), A reference grammar of modern Bulgarian
  1. ੧.੦ ੧.੧ A reference grammar of modern Bulgarian, Ernest A. Scatton, Slavica Publishers, 1984, p.17