↑ ੩.੦੩.੧ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink and ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink are usually analysed as clusters of /li/ and /ni/ respectively, and are also spelled accordingly in Greek orthography. Palatalized pronunciation presupposes the presence of yet another vowel after the palatalized consonant and its following /i/. If there is no subsequent second vowel, palatalization does not occur.
↑‹σ› represents ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink before [b v m r ɣ] e.g.: Σμήνος[ˈzminos]
↑ ੭.੦੭.੧੭.੨੭.੩੭.੪੭.੫੭.੬੭.੭γκ, μπ, ντ usually represent [ŋɡ~ɲɟ mb nd] when found in the middle of a Greek word, [ɡ~ɟ b d] when found in any foreign word or in the beginning of the a Greek one. e.g.: αμπέλι[amˈbeli], μπαμπάς [baˈbas]
↑The large number of mergers into Modern Greek /i/ is called Iotacism.
↑Letters normally representing /i/ can also indicate a palatal pronunciation of dorsal consonants when appearing before other vowels: i.e instead of velar [ɣ k x ɡ], palatal [ʝ c ç ɟ] occur (e.g.: γιαγιά[ʝaˈʝa], κιόλας[ˈcolas], χιόνι[ˈçoni], μαγκιά[maˈɟa]. A similar process has a palatal fricative follow other consonants; ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink follows voiced consonants [v b d ð z r] (e.g.: χέρια[ˈcerʝa], βαριέμαι[varˈʝeme]) and ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink follows voiceless consonants [f p θ t s t͡s] (e.g.: καρφιά[karfˈça], ποιος[pços], ρεβύθια[reˈviθça]). Similarly ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink follows ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink under similar situations (e.g.: μια[mɲa], καλαμιά[kalaˈmɲa]
↑When following a vowel, ‹υ› represents a pronunciation with ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink before ‹θ›, ‹κ›, ‹ξ›, ‹π›, ‹σ›, ‹τ›, ‹φ›, ‹χ›, ‹ψ›, and a pronunciation with ਫਰਮਾ:IPAblink elsewhere.