ਮਦਦ:ਰੋਮਾਨੀਆਈ ਲਈ IPA

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ’ਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Romanian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Romanian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Romanian and Romanian alphabet for the correspondence between spelling and pronunciation.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
ban boy
dop day
[੧] ger jeep
foc face
gol, unghie good
horn hat
cal, chip, kilogram, quasar skip
lună love
mic moon
nor name
[੨] lung long
pas span
[੩] rac, mare roughly like water (American English)
sare sun
șarpe shape
tare stop
[੧] țară cats
[੧] cer texture
val, watt voice
zid zone
jar measure
Marginal consonants
Saligny roughly like canyon
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a roughly like father
[੪] erou roughly like bet
ăsta about
inel, mie beet
înspre, cârnat/cîrnat roses (for some dialects)
[੪] oraș law (British English)
uda, dual soon
Marginal vowels
[੪] bleu, loess roughly like sir
ecru, fürer roughly like few
Henri roughly like croissant
 
Semivowels[੫]
IPA Examples English approximation
iarnă, creioane, rai, yacht you or boy
băcăuan, dulău, tweeter wine or cow
Diphthongs[੫]
beată short followed by full
vreo short followed by full
foarte, găoace short followed by full
 
Other symbols
IPA Examples Explanation
dulău Main stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
extraordinar Secondary stress
mie Syllable marker, generally used between vowels in hiatus
rupi Palatalization (placed after the palatalized consonant)

Notes[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. ੧.੦ ੧.੧ ੧.੨ The affricates are correctly written with tie-bars: , , . As the tie-bars display incorrectly with some fonts, they are often omitted. However, these affricates contrast with the plosive-fricative sequences , and . Usually the spelling of the Romanian word indicates the pronunciation, with the affricates spelled ț, c, g, with one letter, and the sequences ts, tș, dj, with two, but this is not always the case, especially in personal names.
  2. Not a separate phoneme, but an allophone of before velars.
  3. Intervocalic /r/ may be pronounced as a flap .
  4. ੪.੦ ੪.੧ ੪.੨ The Romanian , and are in fact realized as mid vowels: , , . In phonetic transcriptions, however, the lowering diacritic is usually omitted for simplicity.
  5. ੫.੦ ੫.੧ The approximants and can appear before and after vowels, including the diphthongs and , in almost any combination.

See also[ਸੋਧੋ]

References[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • Chițoran, Ioana (2001), The Phonology of Romanian: A Constraint-based Approach, Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3110167662 

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