ਈਥੇਨੋਲ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ

ਫਰਮਾ:Chembox pKbਫਰਮਾ:Chembox Bioavailਫਰਮਾ:Chembox Metabolismਫਰਮਾ:Chembox Metabolitesਫਰਮਾ:Chembox HalfLifeਫਰਮਾ:Chembox Excretionਫਰਮਾ:Chembox Legal statusਫਰਮਾ:Chembox Dependence liability

ਈਥੇਨੋਲ
Identifiers
CAS number 64-17-5 YesY
PubChem 702
ChemSpider 682 YesY
UNII 3K9958V90M YesY
DrugBank DB00898
IUPHAR ligand 2299
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
ਅਣਵੀ ਫ਼ਾਰਮੂਲਾ C2H6O
ਮੋਲਰ ਭਾਰ 46.07 g mol−1
ਦਿੱਖ Colorless liquid
ਘਣਤਾ 0.789 g/cm3 (at 20°C)
ਪਿਘਲਨ ਅੰਕ

−114 °C, 159 K, -173 °F

ਉਬਾਲ ਦਰਜਾ

78.37 °C, 352 K, 173 °F

ਘੁਲਨਸ਼ੀਲਤਾ in water miscible
log P −0.18
ਵਾਸ਼ਪੀ ਦਬਾਅ 5.95 kPa (at 20 °C)
ਤੇਜ਼ਾਬਪਣ (pKa) 15.9 (H2O), 29.8 (DMSO)[2][3]
ਅਪਵਰਤਿਤ ਸੂਚਕ (nD) 1.361
ਲੇਸ 1.2 mPa·s (at 20 °C), 1.074 mPa·s (at 25 °C)[4]
ਡਾਈਪੋਲ ਮੋਮੈਂਟ 1.69 D[5]
Pharmacology
ATC code D08AX08
Routes of
administration
Common: oral
Uncommon: suppository, inhalation, ocular, insufflation,[8] injection[9]
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

ਈਥੇਨਾਲ ਇੱਕ ਪ੍ਰਸਿਧ ਅਲਕੋਹਲ ਹੈ।

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. ਹਵਾਲੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਗਲਤੀ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Pubchem
  2. Ballinger, P., Long, F.A.; Long (1960). "Acid Ionization Constants of Alcohols. II. Acidities of Some Substituted Methanols and Related Compounds1,2". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 82 (4): 795–798. doi:10.1021/ja01489a008. 
  3. Arnett, E.M., Venkatasubramaniam, K.G.; Venkatasubramaniam (1983). "Thermochemical acidities in three superbase systems". J. Org. Chem. 48 (10): 1569–1578. doi:10.1021/jo00158a001. 
  4. Lide, David R., ed. (2012). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92 ed.). Boca Raton, FL.: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis. pp. 6–232. 
  5. Lide, David R., ed. (2008). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (89 ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. pp. 9–55. 
  6. Swift, Robert (December 2003). "Direct measurement of alcohol and its metabolites". Addiction. 98: 73–80. PMID 14984244. doi:10.1046/j.1359-6357.2003.00605.x. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 ਹਵਾਲੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਗਲਤੀ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named pmid5457514
  8. Stogner, John M.; Eassey, John M.; Baldwin, Julie Marie; Miller, Bryan Lee (September 2014). "Innovative alcohol use: Assessing the prevalence of alcohol without liquid and other non-oral routes of alcohol administration". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 142: 74–78. PMID 25012895. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.05.026. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  9. Gilman, Jodi M; Ramchandani, Vijay A; Crouss, Tess; Hommer, Daniel W (28 September 2011). "Subjective and Neural Responses to Intravenous Alcohol in Young Adults with Light and Heavy Drinking Patterns". Neuropsychopharmacology. 37 (2): 467–477. PMID 21956438. doi:10.1038/npp.2011.206. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  10. WHO Expert Committee on Problems Related to Alcohol Consumption : second report. (PDF). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 2007. p. 23. ISBN 9789241209441. Retrieved 3 March 2015. ...alcohol dependence (is) a substantial risk of regular heavy drinking...