ਮਦਦ:ਥਾਈ ਅਤੇ ਲਾਓ ਲਈ IPA

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Thai and Lao pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants
IPA Thai Lao English approximation
b abash
d ฎ,ด ado
f ฝ,ฟ ຝ,ຟ food
h ห,ฮ ຫ,ຮ head
j ญ,ย,อย,หย yak
k scan
(/x/)[1] ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ ຂ,ຄ can
l ล,ฬ,หล ລ,ຫຼ leaf
m ม,หม ມ,ໝ much
n ณ,น,หน ນ,ໜ not
ŋ ง,หง ງ,ຫງ bang
ɲ[2] ຍ,ຫຍ canyon
p span
ผ,พ,ภ ຜ,ພ pan
r ร,หร ຣ,ຫຼ ,ຫຣ roughly like water (American English)
s ซ,ศ,ษ,ส ສ,ຊ sue
t ฏ,ต stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ ຖ,ທ table
question
tɕʰ[3] ฉ, ช, ฌ cheese
w ว,หว ວ,ຫວ way
ʔ อ, ะ the catch in uh-oh
 
Tone
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩] (Thai), high falling [aː˥˧] (Lao)
a̭ː low falling [aː˧˩] (Lao only)
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː mid rising [aː˨˦]
Vowels
IPA Thai[4] Lao English approximation
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ◌ั◌ ◌ະ, ◌ັ◌ cut
e เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌ ເ◌ະ, ເ◌ັ◌ roughly like say
ɛ แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌ ແ◌ະ, ແ◌ັ◌ set
i ◌ิ, ◌ิ◌ ◌ິ happy
o โ◌ะ, ◌◌ ໂ◌ະ, ◌ົ◌ roughly like law (British English) (shorter)
ɔ เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌ ◌ໍ lot
u ◌ุ, ◌ุ◌ ◌ຸ food (shorter)
ɯ ◌ึ, ◌ึ◌ ◌ຶ good
ɤ เ◌อะ ເ◌ິະ, ເ◌ິ◌ roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌ ◌າ bra
เ◌, เ◌◌ ເ◌ play
ɛː แ◌, แ◌◌ ແ◌ says
◌ี, ◌ี◌ ◌ີ green
โ◌, โ◌◌ ໂ◌ roughly like law (British English)
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌ ◌ໍ, ◌ອ lawn
◌ู, ◌ู, ◌ູ moon
ɯː ◌ือ, ◌ื◌ ◌ື good (longer)
ɤː เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌ ເ◌ີ roughly like fur
Diphthongs[5][6]
iaʔ, iəʔ เ◌ียะ ເ◌ັຽະ No English equivalent
ia, iə เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌ ເ◌ັຽ idea
uaʔ, uəʔ ◌ัวะ ◌ົວະ No English equivalent
ua, uə ◌ัว, ◌ว◌ ◌ົວ poor (British English)
ɯaʔ, ɯəʔ เ◌ือะ ເ◌ຶອະ No English equivalent
ɯa, ɯə เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌ ເ◌ຶອ No English equivalent

Notes[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. Allophone in Northern Thai dialect
  2. Not present in Standard or Southern Thai
  3. Standard and Southern Thai only
  4. Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".
  5. More diphthongs occur in the pattern /Vw/ or /Vj/: /aj, aːj, aw, aːw, iw, uj, uːj, ew, eːw, ɛːw, ɤːj, oːj, ɔːj, iow, uɛj, ɯɛj/.
  6. Thai pronunciation follows the former listing, with /a/ as the ending vowel (according to Tingsabadh, Kalaya; Arthur S. Abramson (1993). "Thai". Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 23 (1): 24–28. doi:10.1017/S0025100300004746.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help); ).

ਫਰਮਾ:IPA keys horizontal