ਮਦਦ:ਰੂਸੀ ਲਈ IPA

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ’ਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Russian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Russian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Russian.

IPA Examples IPA Examples[੧] English approximation
Consonants
бок; небо беглый; воробей boot; beautiful
дом; деда делает; Владимир do; adieu
фата; выставка;[੨] Чехов;[੩] шурф фея; червь[੩] fool; few
говорю; другой гербарий; ноги goo; argue
Господи;[੪] interj. ага, ого[੪]
есть; юла; я; толстый[੫] yes, boy
кость; книга; рука; бок кишки; короткий cool; cute
луна; стула ; ствол[੬] лес; колено; мысль pill; least
мыло; думать; там мясо; доме moot; mute
нос; он нёс; они; корень noon; newt (for some dialects)
пыль; тропа; скрип; зуб[੩] пепел; зыбь[੩] pool; pew
рыба; широкий; орла; жир река; четыре; три; зверь trilled r, like in Spanish
собака; писать; нос; глаз[੩] синий; здесь; есть; грызть[੨] soup; assume (for some dialects)
широкий; наш; хороший; муж;[੩] что щегол; считать; мужчина; вращать[੭] shop; fish show, fresh cheese
тот; читаю; водка;[੨] лёд[੩] тереть; дитя; грудь[੩] tool; tune (for some dialects)
цель; птица; отец чай; печень; течь tsunami, cats; chip
ваш; давать; его[੮] вести; человек voodoo; view
ходить; ухо; Бог[੪] хина; лёгкий[੨][੪] bach; huge (for some dialects).
заезжать; язык зелёный; озеро; просьба;[੨] zoo; azure (for some dialects)
жест; тяжёлый дрожжи; заезжать[੯] rouge; asia
IPA Examples English approximation
Stressed vowels
трава́ father
пять pat
па́лка[੧੦] palm
пень pay
жест; э́то met
си́него meet
ты; ши́шка roses (for some dialects)
о́блако chore
тётя audio
пу́ля moon
чуть; ю́жный choose
Unstressed vowels
паро́м; сообража́ть; тропа́ bud
ко́жа; ше́я; о́блако about
тяжёлый; эта́п; четы́ре bit
дыша́ть; жена́; го́ды dinner
юти́ться youth
мужчи́на put
Other symbols used in transcription of Russian pronunciation
IPA Explanation
Stress (placed before the stressed syllable),
for example этап

Notes[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. Russian makes contrasts between palatalized ("soft") and unpalatalized ("hard") consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ‹ › , are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes. , , , are also considered "soft".
  2. ੨.੦ ੨.੧ ੨.੨ ੨.੩ ੨.੪ In consonant clusters, the voicing or devoicing is determined by that of the final obstruent in the sequence ਫਰਮਾ:Harvcol
  3. ੩.੦ ੩.੧ ੩.੨ ੩.੩ ੩.੪ ੩.੫ ੩.੬ ੩.੭ Voiced obstruents (, and ) are devoiced word-finally unless the next word begins with a voiced obstruent ਫਰਮਾ:Harvcol.
  4. ੪.੦ ੪.੧ ੪.੨ ੪.੩ In some religious words and colloquial derivatives from them, such as "Господи!", "Бог", as well as interjections, ‹г› is more often pronounced and . When loses its voicing, it is also lenited (a form of dissimilation) before plosives in the word roots -мягк-/-мягч-, -легк-/-легч-, -тягч-, and also in the old-fashioned pronunciation of -ногт-, -когт-, кто.
  5. The "soft" vowel letters <е> <ю> and <я> represent a plus a vowel when initial or following other vowels or a yer. When such vowels are unstressed, the may be deleted.
  6. is often strongly pharyngealized but this feature is nondistinctive ਫਰਮਾ:Harvcol.
  7. While many speakers pronounce words with ‹щ› as and others as , none contrast the two pronunciations. This generally includes words spelled with other letters, though speakers with the pronunciation may still pronounce words like считывать with because of the morpheme boundary between ‹с› and ‹ч›.
  8. Intervocalic <г> can represent in certain words and affixes
  9. In many dialects, the phoneme is replaced with .
  10. appears between a hard consonant (or a pause) and

See also[ਸੋਧੋ]

References[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:IPA keys horizontal