ਮਦਦ:ਯੂਕਰੇਨੀ ਲਈ IPA

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Ukrainian-language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Ukrainian makes contrasts between palatalized "soft" and unpalatalized "hard" consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript ‹j› / ʲ /, are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the ‹y› sound in yes. All Ukrainian consonants except /j/ have a soft and hard variant, however this distinction is phonemic for only nine pairs—for the others the distinction can be ignored.

See Ukrainian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Ukrainian.

Consonants
IPA Examples English equivalents
b б boot; beautiful
d д do
д dew
d͡z дз pads
d͡zʲ дз
d͡ʒ дж jump; ridge
f ф fool; few
ɡ ґ goo; ague
ɦ г
k к cooper; cute
l л pill
л least
m м moot; mute
n н noon
н new
p п poo; pew
r р trilled r, like in Spanish
р
s с soup
с super
ʃ ш shop
t т tool
т tune
t͡s ц cats
t͡sʲ ц
t͡ʃ ч choose
x х bach; huge
z з zoo
з azure
ʒ ж measure; garage
Vowels
IPA Examples English equivalent
Stressed
ɑ а, я palm
ɛ е, є met
i і, ї meat
ɪ и, ї bit
ɔ о born
u у, ю choose
Unstressed
o о
Semivowels
IPA Examples English equivalent
j й[1] yes, boy
w в water
Other symbols
IPA Explanation
ˈ Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ː Gemination[2] (doubled consonant)

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. The "soft" vowel letters ‹є, ї, ю, я› represent a /j/ plus a vowel when initial or following other vowels.
  2. In Ukrainian, geminates are found between vowels: багаття /bɑɦɑtʲːɑ/ bonfire, подружжя /pɔdruʒʲːɑ/ married couple, обличчя face. Geminates also occur at the start of a few words: лляний /lʲːɑnɪj/ flaxen, forms of the verb лити to pour (ллю /lʲːu/, ллєш /lʲːɛʃ/ etc.), ссати /sːɑtɪ/ to suck and derivatives.

See also[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:IPA keys horizontal