↑In Metropolitan French, /ɑ/ is often replaced by [a].
↑In Metropolitan French, /ɛː/ is often replaced by [ɛ]. In Quebec French, /ɛː/ is often pronounced [aɛ̯].
↑In French, /ə/ is pronounced with some lip rounding [ɵ̞]; for a number of speakers, it is also more front and may even be phonetically identical to the vowel of sœur[sœʁ]. In Metropolitan French, /ə/ is rounded and fronted, making it phonetically similar to /ø/.