ਹੋਮੀਓਪੈਥੀ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
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ਸੈਮਿਊਲ ਹਾਨੇਮਾਨ

ਹੋਮੀਓਪੈਥੀ ਜਾਂ ਹੋਮੋਪੈਥੀ, ਇੱਕ ਚਿਕਿਤਸਾ ਪ੍ਰਣਾਲੀ ਹੈ। ਹੋਮਿਓਪੈਥੀ ਚਿਕਿਤ‍ਸਾ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ ਦਾ ਜਨ‍ਮਦਾਤਾ ਸੈਮਿਊਲ ਹਾਨੇਮਾਨ ਹੈ। ਇਹ ਚਿਕਿਤਸਾ ਸਮਰੂਪਤਾ ਦੇ ਸਿੱਧਾਂਤ ਉੱਤੇ ਆਧਾਰਿਤ ਹੈ ਜਿਸਦੇ ਅਨੁਸਾਰ ਜੋ ਪਦਾਰਥ ਤੰਦੁਰੁਸਤ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਰੋਗ ਦੇ ਲੱਛਣਾਂ ਦਾ ਕਾਰਨ ਬਣਦਾ ਹੈ ਉਹ ਹੀ ਪਦਾਰਥ ਬੀਮਾਰ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਉਸੇ ਤਰਾਂ ਦੇ ਲੱਛਣਾ ਦਾ ਇਲਾਜ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ।

Homeopathy is not a plausible system of treatment, as its dogmas about how drugs, illness, the human body, liquids and solutions operate are contradicted by a wide range of discoveries across biology, psychology, physics and chemistry made in the two centuries since its invention.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Although some clinical trials produce positive results,[7][8] multiple systematic reviews have indicated that this is because of chance, flawed research methods, and reporting bias. Continued homeopathic practice, despite the evidence that it does not work, has been criticized as unethical because it discourages the use of effective treatments,[9] with the World Health Organization warning against using homeopathy to try to treat severe diseases such as HIV and malaria.[10] The continued practice of homeopathy, despite a lack of evidence of efficacy,[11][1][12] has led to it being characterized within the scientific and medical communities as nonsense,[13] quackery,[14][15][15][16] and a sham.[17]

Assessments by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, the United Kingdom's House of Commons Science and Technology Committee, the European Academies' Science Advisory Council, and the Swiss Federal Health Office have each concluded that homeopathy is ineffective, and recommended against the practice receiving any further funding.[18][19][20] The National Health Service in England has announced a policy of not funding homeopathic medicine because it is "a misuse of resources".[21] They have called on the UK Department of Health to add homeopathic remedies to the blacklist of forbidden prescription items.[22]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Shang, Aijing; Huwiler-Müntener, Karin; Nartey, Linda; Jüni, Peter; Dörig, Stephan; Sterne, Jonathan AC; Pewsner, Daniel; Egger, Matthias (2005). "Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? Comparative study of placebo-controlled trials of homoeopathy and allopathy". The Lancet. 366 (9487): 726–732. PMID 16125589. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67177-2. 
  2. Ernst, E. (December 2012). "Homeopathy: a critique of current clinical research". Skeptical Inquirer. 36 (6). 
  3. "Homeopathy". American Cancer Society. Retrieved October 12, 2014. 
  4. UK Parliamentary Committee Science and Technology Committee - "Evidence Check 2: Homeopathy"
  5. Grimes, D. R. (2012). "Proposed mechanisms for homeopathy are physically impossible". Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies. 17 (3): 149–155. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7166.2012.01162.x. 
  6. "Homeopathic products and practices: assessing the evidence and ensuring consistency in regulating medical claims in the EU" (PDF). European Academies' Science Advisory Council. September 2017. p. 1. Retrieved 1 October 2017. ... we agree with previous extensive evaluations concluding that there are no known diseases for which there is robust, reproducible evidence that homeopathy is effective beyond the placebo effect. 
  7. Cucherat, M; Haugh, MC; Gooch, M; Boissel, JP (2000). "Evidence of clinical efficacy of homeopathy. A meta-analysis of clinical trials. HMRAG. Homeopathic Medicines Research Advisory Group". European journal of clinical pharmacology. 56 (1): 27–33. PMID 10853874. doi:10.1007/s002280050716. 
  8. Caulfield, Timothy; Debow, Suzanne (2005). "A systematic review of how homeopathy is represented in conventional and CAM peer reviewed journals". BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 5: 12. PMC 1177924Freely accessible. PMID 15955254. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-5-12. 
  9. Shaw, DM (2010). "Homeopathy is where the harm is: Five unethical effects of funding unscientific 'remedies'". Journal of Medical Ethics. 36 (3): 130–131. PMID 20211989. doi:10.1136/jme.2009.034959. 
  10. Mashta, O (August 24, 2009). "WHO warns against using homoeopathy to treat serious diseases". BMJ. 339 (aug24 2): b3447–b3447. doi:10.1136/bmj.b3447. 
  11. Ernst, E. (2002). "A systematic review of systematic reviews of homeopathy". British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 54 (6): 577–82. PMC 1874503Freely accessible. PMID 12492603. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2125.2002.01699.x. 
  12. Kleijnen, J; Knipschild, P; Ter Riet, G (1991). "Clinical trials of homoeopathy". BMJ. 302 (6772): 316–23. PMC 1668980Freely accessible. PMID 1825800. doi:10.1136/bmj.302.6772.316. 
  13. "Homeopathy is nonsense, says new chief scientist". The Daily Telegraph. April 18, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  14. Baran GR, Kiana MF, Samuel SP (2014). Chapter 2: Science, Pseudoscience, and Not Science: How Do They Differ?. Healthcare and Biomedical Technology in the 21st Century. Springer. pp. 19–57. ISBN 978-1-4614-8540-7. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8541-4_2. within the traditional medical community it is considered to be quackery 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Ladyman J (2013). "Chapter 3: Towards a Demarcation of Science from Pseudoscience". In Pigliucci M, Boudry M. Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem. University of Chicago Press. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-0-226-05196-3. Yet homeopathy is a paradigmatic example of pseudoscience. It is neither simply bad science nor science fraud, but rather profoundly departs from scientific method and theories while being described as scientific by some of its adherents (often sincerely). 
  16. Paul S. Boyer. The Oxford companion to United States history. ISBN 9780195082098. Retrieved January 15, 2013. After 1847, when regular doctors organized the American Medical Association (AMA), that body led the war on "quackery", especially targeting dissenting medical groups such as homeopaths, who prescribed infinitesimally small doses of medicine. Ironically, even as the AMA attacked all homeopathy as quackery, educated homeopathic physicians were expelling untrained quacks from their ranks. 
  17. "Supported by science?: What Canadian naturopaths advertise to the public". Retrieved January 15, 2013. Within the non-CAM scientific community, homeopathy has long been viewed as a sham 
  18. Musgrave, I (April 8, 2014). "No evidence homeopathy is effective: NHMRC review". The Conversation. Retrieved January 10, 2015. 
  19. "Swiss make New Year's regulations". Swiss Info. Retrieved December 16, 2015. 
  20. "Homeopathic remedies are 'nonsense and risk significant harm' say 29 European scientific bodies". The Independent. September 23, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017. 
  21. "NHS to ban homeopathy and herbal medicine, as 'misuse of resources'". Daily Telegraph. July 21, 2017. Retrieved July 21, 2017. 
  22. Gallagher, James (2015-11-13). "Homeopathy 'could be blacklisted'". BBC News (in ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ). Retrieved 2017-12-05.