ਫਰਮਾ:Cite web

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}} bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}} magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ।

Usage[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage common For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

|} ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical common

{{cite web
 | url =
 | title =
 | last =
 | first =
 | date =
 | website =
 | publisher =
 | access-date =
 | quote = }}

|} ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage full

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |author-link= |last2= |first2= |author2= |author-link2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |department= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |dead-url= |access-date= |quote= |ref= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

|} ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical

{{cite web
 | url =
 | title =
 | last =
 | first =
 | author-link =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author-link2 =
 | date =
 | year =
 | editor-last =
 | editor-first =
 | editor-link =
 | editor2-last =
 | editor2-first =
 | editor2-link =
 | department =
 | website =
 | series =
 | publisher =
 | location =
 | page =
 | pages =
 | at =
 | language =
 | script-title =
 | trans-title =
 | type =
 | format =
 | arxiv =
 | asin =
 | bibcode =
 | doi =
 | doi-broken-date =
 | isbn =
 | issn =
 | jfm =
 | jstor =
 | lccn =
 | mr =
 | oclc =
 | ol =
 | osti =
 | pmc =
 | pmid =
 | rfc =
 | ssrn =
 | zbl =
 | id =
 | archive-url =
 | archive-date =
 | dead-url =
 | access-date =
 | quote =
 | ref =
 | postscript =
 | subscription =
 | registration = }}

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid

 
 
 
 
last
 
last
last2
 
 
 
 
editor-last
 
editor-last
editor2-last
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
url, archive-date
archive-url
url
url
 
 
 
 
 

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid

 
required
required
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical end

Choosing between {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}}[ਸੋਧੋ]

Before 2014, editors needed to decide whether to use {{Cite web}} or {{Cite news}} based on their features. In 2014, however, most of the differences between the two templates were eliminated.

As of 29 July 2016, {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}} have the following differences:

But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:

Cite web: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 
Cite news: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 

Examples[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
"My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
"Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using format[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Foreign language and translated title[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018 |language=French |trans-title=Shame on those who think evil of it}}
Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil of it] (in French). Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using author-link[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |author-link=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018}}
"Index of Sharp Things". 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018 |language=Greek}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using "archive-url" and "archive-date" (and optionally "dead-url") for webpages that have been archived[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018 |archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archive-date=7 September 2005}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 30 April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2005. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archive-url=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archive-date=26 April 2006 |dead-url=no}}
"Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. 31 March 2006. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. 
  • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018 | archive-url=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archive-date=19 May 2011 |dead-url=no}}
"London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground, Inc. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using quote[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |access-date=5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...'}}
"Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved 5 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2018. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...'  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Parameters[ਸੋਧੋ]

Syntax[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/syntax

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/sep period

COinS[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/coins

Deprecated[ਸੋਧੋ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters is deprecated.

Description[ਸੋਧੋ]

Authors[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s).
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • Insert non-formatted text herecoauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/web ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/type

  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of ਸ਼੍ਰੇਣੀ:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/publisher ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/agency

Series[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/series

In-source locations[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/url

Anchor[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/ref

Identifiers[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id1 ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/quote

Editors[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/editor

Laysummary[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/display

Subscription or registration required[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/registration

TemplateData[ਸੋਧੋ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

ਫਰਮੇ ਦੇ ਮਾਪਦੰਡ

ਮਾਪਦੰਡਵੇਰਵਾਕਿਸਮਦਰਜਾ
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

Stringrequired
Titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

Stringrequired
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Linesuggested
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Linesuggested
Author linkauthorlink author-link subjectlink subject-link authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link subjectlink1 author1link subject-link1 subject1-link subject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Pageoptional
Authors listauthors people host credits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Stringoptional
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Lineoptional
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 2authorlink2 author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Pageoptional
Source datedate

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use access-date instead; do not wikilink

Stringsuggested
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Stringoptional
Editor last nameeditor-last editor1-last editor editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

Lineoptional
Editor first nameeditor-first editor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Lineoptional
Editor linkeditor-link editor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Pageoptional
Editor last name 2editor2-last editor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 2editor2-link editor2link editorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

Pageoptional
Websitewebsite work

Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

Stringsuggested
Series identifierseries

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Stringoptional
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked

Stringsuggested
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Stringoptional
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Stringoptional
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Stringoptional
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Stringoptional
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Stringoptional
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Stringoptional
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringoptional
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Stringoptional
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringoptional
Othersothers

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Stringoptional
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Stringoptional
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Stringoptional
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Stringoptional
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Stringoptional
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Stringoptional
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Stringoptional
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Stringoptional
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Lineoptional
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Lineoptional
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringoptional
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Stringoptional
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringoptional
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Stringoptional
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Stringoptional
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Stringoptional
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Stringoptional
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Stringoptional
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Stringoptional
OLol

Open Library identifier

Stringoptional
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Stringoptional
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Stringoptional
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Stringoptional
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Stringoptional
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Stringoptional
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Stringoptional
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Stringoptional
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

Stringoptional
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Stringoptional
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Stringsuggested
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; must include terminating punctuation

Stringoptional
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

Stringoptional
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
.
Stringoptional
Subscription requiredsubscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

Stringoptional
Registration requiredregistration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

Stringoptional
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
.
Stringoptional
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Stringoptional
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Stringoptional
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Stringoptional
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Lineoptional
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 3authorlink3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Pageoptional
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Lineoptional
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 4authorlink4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Pageoptional
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Lineoptional
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 5authorlink5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Pageoptional
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Lineoptional
First name 6first6 author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 6authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pageoptional
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Lineoptional
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 7authorlink7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Pageoptional
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Lineoptional
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 8authorlink8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Pageoptional
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Lineoptional
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Author link 9authorlink9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Pageoptional
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
,
Stringoptional
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
;
Stringoptional
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
8
Numberoptional
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Stringoptional
Editor last name 3editor3-last editor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 3editor3-link editor3link editorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

Pageoptional
Editor last name 4editor4-last editor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 4editor4-link editor4link editorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

Pageoptional
Editor last name 5editor5-last editor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 5editor5-link editor5link editorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

Pageoptional
Editor last name 6editor6-last editor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 6editor6-link editor6link editorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

Pageoptional
Editor last name 7editor7-last editor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 7editor7-link editor7link editorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

Pageoptional
Editor last name 8editor8-last editor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 8editor8-link editor8link editorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

Pageoptional
Editor last name 9editor9-last editor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

Lineoptional
Editor first name 9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

Lineoptional
Editor link 9editor9-link editor9link editorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

Pageoptional
Editionedition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

Stringoptional
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Stringoptional
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Stringoptional

See also[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Wikipedia referencing This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.