ਫਰਮਾ:Cite web

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}} bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}} magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 web sources that are not characterized by another CS1 template ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ।

Usage[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage common For references with author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

For references without author credit

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |access-date= |quote=}}

|} ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical common

{{cite web
 | url =
 | title =
 | last =
 | first =
 | date =
 | website =
 | publisher =
 | access-date =
 | quote = }}

|} ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage full

{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |author-link= |last2= |first2= |author2= |author-link2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |department= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |dead-url= |access-date= |quote= |ref= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}

|} ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical

{{cite web
 | url =
 | title =
 | last =
 | first =
 | author-link =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author-link2 =
 | date =
 | year =
 | editor-last =
 | editor-first =
 | editor-link =
 | editor2-last =
 | editor2-first =
 | editor2-link =
 | department =
 | website =
 | series =
 | publisher =
 | location =
 | page =
 | pages =
 | at =
 | language =
 | script-title =
 | trans-title =
 | type =
 | format =
 | arxiv =
 | asin =
 | bibcode =
 | doi =
 | doi-broken-date =
 | isbn =
 | issn =
 | jfm =
 | jstor =
 | lccn =
 | mr =
 | oclc =
 | ol =
 | osti =
 | pmc =
 | pmid =
 | rfc =
 | ssrn =
 | zbl =
 | id =
 | archive-url =
 | archive-date =
 | dead-url =
 | access-date =
 | quote =
 | ref =
 | postscript =
 | subscription =
 | registration = }}

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid

 
 
 
 
last
 
last
last2
 
 
 
 
editor-last
 
editor-last
editor2-last
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
url, archive-date
archive-url
url
url
 
 
 
 
 

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid

 
required
required
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical end

Choosing between {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}}[ਸੋਧੋ]

Before 2014, editors needed to decide whether to use {{Cite web}} or {{Cite news}} based on their features. In 2014, however, most of the differences between the two templates were eliminated.

As of 29 July 2016, {{Cite web}} and {{Cite news}} have the following differences:

But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:

Cite web: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 
Cite news: Silverman, Dwight (July 15, 2011). "Microsoft envisions a universal OS, but it might not be called Windows". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 

Examples[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
"My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
"Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using format[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.indiapost.gov.in/Pdf/Customs/List_of_Psychotropic_Substances.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Foreign language and translated title[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honi soit qui mal y pense |last=Joliet |first=François |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018 |language=French |trans-title=Shame on those who think evil of it}}
Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honi soit qui mal y pense" [Shame on those who think evil of it] (in French). Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using author-link[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |last=Doe |first=John |author-link=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |last1=Doe |first1=John |last2=Smith |first2=Peter |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |website=Encyclopedia of Things |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
"Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018}}
"Index of Sharp Things". 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018 |language=Greek}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 30 April 2005. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using "archive-url" and "archive-date" (and optionally "dead-url") for webpages that have been archived[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018 |archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20050907150136/http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archive-date=7 September 2005}}
"List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 30 April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2005. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archive-url=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archive-date=26 April 2006 |dead-url=no}}
"Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. 31 March 2006. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. 
  • {{Cite web |url=http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html |title=London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport) |publisher=The Weather Underground, Inc. |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018 | archive-url=http://www.webcitation.org/5yo0HaAk7 |archive-date=19 May 2011 |dead-url=no}}
"London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)". The Weather Underground, Inc. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Using quote[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |website=WebExhibits |year=2008 |access-date=5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...'}}
"Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved 5 ਅਪਰੈਲ 2018. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...'  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

Parameters[ਸੋਧੋ]

Syntax[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/syntax

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/sep period

COinS[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/coins

Deprecated[ਸੋਧੋ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters is deprecated.

Description[ਸੋਧੋ]

Authors[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s).
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • Insert non-formatted text herecoauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/web ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/type

  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of ਸ਼੍ਰੇਣੀ:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/publisher ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/agency

Series[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/series

In-source locations[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/url

Anchor[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/ref

Identifiers[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id1 ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/quote

Editors[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/editor

Laysummary[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/display

Subscription or registration required[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/registration

TemplateData[ਸੋਧੋ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

ਫਰਮੇ ਦੇ ਮਾਪਦੰਡ

ਮਾਪਦੰਡ ਵੇਰਵਾ ਕਿਸਮ ਦਰਜਾ
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String required
Title title

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String required
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line suggested
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line suggested
Author link authorlinkauthor-linksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 2 last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 2 first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 2 authorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Source date date

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use access-date instead; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Editor last name editor-lasteditor1-last editor editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link editor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor last name 2 editor2-lasteditor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 2 editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 2 editor2-linkeditor2linkeditorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Website websitework

Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Series identifier series

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Publisher publisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Location of publication location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Others others

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ASIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OL ol

Open Library identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; must include terminating punctuation

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Subscription required subscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Registration required registration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Separator separator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Lay URL layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Lay source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Lay date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 3 last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 3 first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 3 authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Last name 4 last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 4 first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 4 authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Last name 5 last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 5 first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 5 authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Last name 6 last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 6 first6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 6 authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Last name 7 last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 7 first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 7 authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Last name 8 last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 8 first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 8 authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Last name 9 last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
First name 9 first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Author link 9 authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
,
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
;
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
8
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Number optional
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Editor last name 3 editor3-lasteditor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 3 editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 3 editor3-linkeditor3linkeditorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor last name 4 editor4-lasteditor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 4 editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 4 editor4-linkeditor4linkeditorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor last name 5 editor5-lasteditor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 5 editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 5 editor5-linkeditor5linkeditorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor last name 6 editor6-lasteditor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 6 editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 6 editor6-linkeditor6linkeditorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor last name 7 editor7-lasteditor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 7 editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 7 editor7-linkeditor7linkeditorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor last name 8 editor8-lasteditor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 8 editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 8 editor8-linkeditor8linkeditorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor last name 9 editor9-lasteditor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor first name 9 editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
Editor link 9 editor9-linkeditor9linkeditorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Edition edition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional

See also[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Wikipedia referencing This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.