ਫਰਮਾ:Cite book

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}}audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}books
{{Cite conference}}conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}}interviews
{{Cite journal}}academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}}magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}maps
{{Cite news}}news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}}online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}}audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}}press releases
{{Cite report}}reports
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}speeches
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 books ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ। When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage common To cite a book with a credited author {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |isbn= |author-link= }}

To cite a book with no credited author {{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |date= |isbn=}}

To cite an online book that has been archived {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |dead-url= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date=}}

To cite a book written in a foreign language {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn=}}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription {{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date= |via= |subscription= |quote= }} |}

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage full {{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |last-author-amp= |date= |year= |orig-year= |chapter= |script-chapter= |trans-chapter= |chapter-url= |chapter-format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |registration= |subscription= |lay-summary= |lay-source= |lay-date= |quote= |name-list-format= |mode= |postscript= |ref= }} |}

Full parameter set in vertical format
Parameters Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes Vertical list
last1 may also use "last"; for additional authors, "last2", "last3", etc.
{{cite book
|last1=
|first1=
|author-link1=
|author-mask1=
|last2=
|first2=
|display-authors=
|last-author-amp=
|date=
|year=
|orig-year=
|chapter=
|script-chapter=
|trans-chapter=
|chapter-url=
|chapter-format=
|editor1-last=
|editor1-first=
|editor1-link=
|editor1-mask=
|display-editors=
|title=
|script-title=
|trans-title=
|url=
|dead-url=
|format=
|type=
|series=
|language=
|volume=
|issue=
|others=
|edition=
|location=
|publisher=
|publication-date=
|page=
|pages=
|at=
|nopp=
|arxiv=
|asin=
|bibcode=
|doi=
|doi-broken-date=
|isbn=
|issn=
|jfm=
|jstor=
|lccn=
|mr=
|oclc=
|ol=
|osti=
|pmc=
|pmid=
|rfc=
|ssrn=
|zbl=
|id=
|archive-url=
|archive-date=
|access-date=
|via=
|registration=
|subscription=
|lay-summary=
|lay-source=
|lay-date=
|quote=
|name-list-format=
|mode=
|postscript=
|ref=
}}
first1 last or last1 may also use "first"; for additional authors, "first2", "first3", etc.
author-link1 last or last1 may also use "author-link"
author-mask1 last or last1 may also use "author-mask"
last2 last1
first2 last2
display-authors last or last1
last-author-amp last or last1
date
year
orig-year year or date
chapter do not wikilink "chapter" if "chapterurl" is provided
script-chapter
trans-chapter chapter or script-chapter
chapter-url chapter or script-chapter
chapter-format chapter-url
editor1-last may also use "editor-last"
editor1-first editor1-last may also use 'editor-first"
editor1-link editor1-last may also use "editor-link"
editor1-mask editor1-last
display-editors
title
script-title
trans-title title or script-title
url title or script-title
dead-url
format url
type
series
language
volume
issue
others
edition
location publisher
publisher
publication-date
page choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
pages choose one: "page", "pages", or "at". Use when content on multiple pages supports the article text.
at choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
nopp page or pages set nopp to "yes" to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
arxiv
asin
bibcode
doi
doi-broken-date doi
isbn always include ISBN, if one has been assigned
issn
jfm
jstor
lccn
mr
oclc
ol
osti
pmc
pmid
rfc
ssrn
zbl
id
archive-url archive-date, url
archive-date archive-url
access-date url
via
registration
subscription
lay-summary
lay-source lay-summary
lay-date lay-summary
quote
name-list-format vanc to emulate Vancouver style
mode cs1 or cs2
postscript
ref
If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[ਸੋਧੋ]

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book}}
Mysterious Book. 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book |date=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901. 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage with url (and access-date) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |orig-year=1st pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Smith |first2=John |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.). 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |date=September 2001 |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Washington |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0. 

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |date=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans-title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (in French) (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |date=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 354063293X. doi:10.1007/b62130. 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X. 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; et al. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Parameters[ਸੋਧੋ]

Syntax[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/syntax

COinS[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/coins

Deprecated[ਸੋਧੋ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters is deprecated.

Description[ਸੋਧੋ]

Authors[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s).
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • Insert non-formatted text herecoauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • contributor-last: Surname of contributor. Do not wikilink—use contributor-link instead. For book cites only, requires contribution; used primarily to cite afterword, foreword, introduction, or preface to authorਫਰਮਾ:'s work. Aliases: contributor-surname, contributor1, contributor1-last, contributor-last1.
    • contributor-first: Given or first names of contributor. Do not wikilink—use contributor-link instead. Aliases: contributor-given, contributor1-first, contributor-first1.
    • OR: for multiple contributors, use contributor-last1, contributor-first1 through contributor-lastn, contributor-firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of contributors (each contributor-firstn requires a corresponding contributor-lastn). Aliases: contributor1-last, contributor1-first through contributorn-last, contributorn-first, or contributor1 through contributorn.
    • contributor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the contributor—not the contributor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: contributor-link1, contributor1-link.
    • OR: for multiple contributors, use contributor-link1 through contributor-linkn. Aliases: contributor1-link through contributorn-link.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ਸੋਧੋ]

(See also Help:Citation Style 1 §Titles and chapters.)

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will not display and link correctly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the pipe
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/type ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/chapter

  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of ਸ਼੍ਰੇਣੀ:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/publisher

Edition, series, volume[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/edition ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/series ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/volume

In-source locations[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/url

Chapter URL[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/chapterurl

Anchor[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/ref

Identifiers[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id1 ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/quote

Editors[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/editor

Laysummary[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/display

Subscription or registration required[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/registration

TemplateData[ਸੋਧੋ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

ਫਰਮੇ ਦੇ ਮਾਪਦੰਡ

ਮਾਪਦੰਡਵੇਰਵਾਕਿਸਮਦਰਜਾ
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

Stringoptional
Titletitle

The title of the book; displays in italics

Stringrequired
Title linktitle-link titlelink episode-link episodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

Pageoptional
Last namelast last1 author author1 author1-last author-last surname1 author-last1 subject1 surname author-last subject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringsuggested
First namefirst given author-first first1 given1 author-first1 author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringsuggested
Vancouver style author listvauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Stringoptional
Last name 2last2 author2 surname2 author-last2 author2-last subject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringoptional
First name 2first2 given2 author-first2 author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Stringoptional
Last name 3last3 author3 surname3 author-last3 author3-last subject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Stringoptional
First name 3first3 given3 author-first3 author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Stringoptional
Last name 4last4 author4 surname4 author-last4 author4-last subject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Stringoptional
First name 4first4 given4 author-first4 author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Stringoptional
Last name 5last5 author5 surname5 author-last5 author5-last subject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Stringoptional
First name 5first5 given5 author-first5 author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Stringoptional
Last name 6last6 author6 surname6 author-last6 author6-last subject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Stringoptional
First name 6first6 given6 author-first6 author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Stringoptional
Last name 7last7 author7 surname7 author-last7 author7-last subject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Stringoptional
First name 7first7 given7 author-first7 author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Stringoptional
Last name 8last8 author8 surname8 author-last8 author8-last subject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Stringoptional
First name 8first8 given8 author-first8 author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Stringoptional
Last name 9last9 author9 surname9 author-last9 author9-last subject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Stringoptional
First name 9first9 given9 author-first9 author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Stringoptional
Collaborationcollaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

Stringoptional
Datedate air-date airdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
Workwork journal website newspaper magazine encyclopedia encyclopaedia dictionary mailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

Stringoptional
Publisherpublisher distributor institution newsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Stringsuggested
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Stringoptional
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Stringsuggested
ISBNisbn ISBN13 isbn13 ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringsuggested
Ignore ISBN Errorignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

Booleanoptional
Editor last nameeditor-last editor editor-surname editor-last1 editor-surname1 editor1 editor1-last editor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknownoptional
Editor first nameeditor-first editor-given editor-first1 editor-given1 editor1-first editor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Unknownoptional
Link for editoreditor-link editorlink editor-link1 editor1-link editorlink1 editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

Pageoptional
Editor maskeditor-mask editormask editormask1 editor1-mask editor-mask1 editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Vancouver style editor listveditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Stringoptional
Editors listeditors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

Unknowndeprecated
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

Stringoptional
Series identifierseries version

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Stringoptional
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

Stringoptional
Location of publicationlocation place

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

Stringsuggested
Place of publicationpublication-place publicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Stringoptional
Publication datepublication-date publicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
Pagepage p

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Stringoptional
Page(s) citedpages pp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Stringsuggested
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Stringoptional
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Stringoptional
Languagelanguage in

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Stringoptional
Translator last nametranslator-last translator translator-last1 translator1 translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Stringoptional
Translator first nametranslator-first translator1-first translator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Stringoptional
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Stringoptional
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringoptional
Chapterchapter contribution entry article section

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

Stringoptional
Script Chapterscript-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

Example
ja:東京タワー
Stringoptional
Translated chaptertrans-chapter trans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringoptional
Typetype medium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Stringoptional
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringoptional
arXiv identifierarxiv ARXIV eprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Stringoptional
arXiv Classclass

Cite arXiv identifiers

Stringoptional
ASINasin ASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Stringoptional
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Stringoptional
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Stringoptional
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Lineoptional
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Lineoptional
DOIdoi DOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringoptional
EISSNeissn EISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

Example
2009-0048
Stringoptional
Handle System identifierhdl HDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

Stringoptional
ISMNismn ISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

Example
979-0-9016791-7-7
Stringoptional
ISSNissn ISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Stringoptional
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Stringoptional
JSTORjstor JSTOR

JSTOR identifier

Stringoptional
LCCNlccn LCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

Stringoptional
MRmr MR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Stringoptional
OCLCoclc OCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

Stringoptional
OLol OL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

Stringoptional
OSTIosti OSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Stringoptional
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Stringoptional
PMIDpmid PMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

Stringoptional
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Stringoptional
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Stringoptional
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Stringoptional
idid ID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Stringoptional
Quotequote quotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Stringsuggested
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Stringoptional
Name list formatname-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

Stringoptional
Modemode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

Stringoptional
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
.
Stringoptional
Registrationregistration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Stringoptional
Subscriptionsubscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Stringoptional
Author maskauthor-mask authormask authormask1 author1-mask author-mask1 author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 2author-mask2 authormask2 author2-mask author2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 3author-mask3 authormask3 author3-mask author3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 4author-mask4 authormask4 author4-mask author4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 5author-mask5 authormask5 author5-mask author5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 6author-mask6 authormask6 author6-mask author6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 7author-mask7 authormask7 author7-mask author7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 8author-mask8 authormask8 author8-mask author8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author mask 9author-mask9 authormask9 author9-mask author9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

Numberoptional
Author linkauthor-link authorlink subjectlink subject-link authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link subjectlink1 author1link subject-link1 subject1-link subject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Pageoptional
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2 author2-link subjectlink2 author2link subject-link2 subject2-link subject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Pageoptional
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link subjectlink3 author3link subject-link3 subject3-link subject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Pageoptional
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link subjectlink4 author4link subject-link4 subject4-link subject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link subjectlink5 author5link subject-link5 subject5-link subject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link subjectlink6 author6link subject-link6 subject6-link subject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link subjectlink7 author7link subject-link7 subject7-link subject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Pageoptional
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link subjectlink8 author8link subject-link8 subject8-link subject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link subjectlink9 author9link subject-link9 subject9-link subject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Pageoptional
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Stringoptional
Last name of second editoreditor-last2 editor-surname2 editor2 editor2-last editor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Stringoptional
First name of second editoreditor-first2 editor-given2 editor2-first editor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Stringoptional
Link for second editoreditor-link2 editor2-link editorlink2 editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

Pageoptional
Mask for second editoreditor-mask2 editormask2 editor2-mask editor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name of third editoreditor-last3 editor-surname3 editor3 editor3-last editor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Stringoptional
First name of third editoreditor-first3 editor-given3 editor3-first editor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Stringoptional
Link for third editoreditor-link3 editor3-link editorlink3 editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

Pageoptional
Mask for third editoreditor-mask3 editormask3 editor3-mask editor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name of fourth editoreditor-last4 editor-surname4 editor4 editor4-last editor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Stringoptional
First name of fourth editoreditor-first4 editor-given4 editor4-first editor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Stringoptional
Link for fourth editoreditor-link4 editor4-link editorlink4 editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

Pageoptional
Mask for fourth editoreditor-mask4 editormask4 editor4-mask editor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name of fifth editoreditor-last5 editor-surname5 editor5 editor5-last editor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Stringoptional
First name of fifth editoreditor-first5 editor-given5 editor5-first editor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Stringoptional
Link for fifth editoreditor-link5 editor5-link editorlink5 editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

Pageoptional
Mask for fifth editoreditor-mask5 editormask5 editor5-mask editor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name of sixth editoreditor-last6 editor-surname6 editor6 editor6-last editor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Stringoptional
First name of sixth editoreditor-first6 editor-given6 editor6-first editor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Stringoptional
Link for sixth editoreditor-link6 editor6-link editorlink6 editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

Pageoptional
Mask for sixth editoreditor-mask6 editormask6 editor6-mask editor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name of seventh editoreditor-last7 editor-surname7 editor7 editor7-last editor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Stringoptional
First name of seventh editoreditor-first7 editor-given7 editor7-first editor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Stringoptional
Link for seventh editoreditor-link7 editor7-link editorlink7 editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

Pageoptional
Mask for seventh editoreditor-mask7 editormask7 editor7-mask editor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name of eighth editoreditor-last8 editor-surname8 editor8 editor8-last editor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Stringoptional
First name of eighth editoreditor-first8 editor-given8 editor8-first editor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Stringoptional
Link for eighth editoreditor-link8 editor8-link editorlink8 editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

Pageoptional
Mask for eighth editoreditor-mask8 editormask8 editor8-mask editor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Last name of ninth editoreditor-last9 editor-surname9 editor9 editor9-last editor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Stringoptional
First name of ninth editoreditor-first9 editor-given9 editor9-first editor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Stringoptional
Link for ninth editoreditor-link9 editor9-link editorlink9 editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

Pageoptional
Mask for ninth editoreditor-mask9 editormask9 editor9-mask editor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Display Editorsdisplay-editors displayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 2translator-last2 translator2 translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 2translator-first2 translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 3translator-last3 translator3 translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 3translator-first3 translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 4translator-last4 translator4 translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 4translator-first4 translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 5translator-last5 translator5 translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 5translator-first5 translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 6translator-last6 translator6 translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 6translator-first6 translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 7translator-last7 translator7 translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 7translator-first7 translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 8translator-last8 translator8 translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 8translator-first8 translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator last name 9translator-last9 translator9 translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator first name 9translator-first9 translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Stringoptional
Translator linktranslator-link translator-link1 translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Pageoptional
Translator link 2translator-link2 translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

Pageoptional
Translator link 3translator-link3 translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

Pageoptional
Translator link 4translator-link4 translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

Pageoptional
Translator link 5translator-link5 translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

Pageoptional
Translator link 6translator-link6 translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

Pageoptional
Translator link 7translator-link7 translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

Pageoptional
Translator link 8translator-link8 translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

Pageoptional
Translator link 9translator-link9 translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

Pageoptional
Chapter URLchapter-url chapterurl contribution-url section-url contributionurl sectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

Stringoptional
Format of Chapter URLchapter-format contribution-format section-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

Example
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Stringoptional
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date doi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Stringoptional
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Stringoptional
Archive Formatarchive-format

Format of the Archive

Stringoptional
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Stringoptional
Lay URLlay-url lay-summary laysummary layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

Stringoptional
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Stringoptional
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Stringoptional
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Stringoptional
Viavia

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

Example
Open Edition, JSTOR
Stringsuggested
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Stringoptional
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Stringoptional
Issueissue number

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

Stringoptional
Coauthorcoauthor

Coauthor

Stringdeprecated
Coauthorscoauthors

Coauthors

Stringdeprecated
Authors listauthors people host credits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Stringoptional
City of Publicationcity

Where published

Stringdeprecated
Agencyagency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

Stringoptional
Departmentdepartment

Unusual in cite book.

Unknownoptional
Date formatdf

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

Stringoptional

See also[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Wikipedia referencing This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

TemplateData

ਫਰਮਾ:Cite book/TemplateData