ਫਰਮਾ:Cite book

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ
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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}} bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}} magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 books ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ। When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage common To cite a book with a credited author {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |isbn= |author-link= }}

To cite a book with no credited author {{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |date= |isbn=}}

To cite an online book that has been archived {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |dead-url= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date=}}

To cite a book written in a foreign language {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn=}}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription {{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date= |via= |subscription= |quote= }} |}

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage full {{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |last-author-amp= |date= |year= |orig-year= |chapter= |script-chapter= |trans-chapter= |chapter-url= |chapter-format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |registration= |subscription= |lay-summary= |lay-source= |lay-date= |quote= |name-list-format= |mode= |postscript= |ref= }} |}

Full parameter set in vertical format
Parameters Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes Vertical list
last1 may also use "last"; for additional authors, "last2", "last3", etc.
{{cite book
|last1=
|first1=
|author-link1=
|author-mask1=
|last2=
|first2=
|display-authors=
|last-author-amp=
|date=
|year=
|orig-year=
|chapter=
|script-chapter=
|trans-chapter=
|chapter-url=
|chapter-format=
|editor1-last=
|editor1-first=
|editor1-link=
|editor1-mask=
|display-editors=
|title=
|script-title=
|trans-title=
|url=
|dead-url=
|format=
|type=
|series=
|language=
|volume=
|issue=
|others=
|edition=
|location=
|publisher=
|publication-date=
|page=
|pages=
|at=
|nopp=
|arxiv=
|asin=
|bibcode=
|doi=
|doi-broken-date=
|isbn=
|issn=
|jfm=
|jstor=
|lccn=
|mr=
|oclc=
|ol=
|osti=
|pmc=
|pmid=
|rfc=
|ssrn=
|zbl=
|id=
|archive-url=
|archive-date=
|access-date=
|via=
|registration=
|subscription=
|lay-summary=
|lay-source=
|lay-date=
|quote=
|name-list-format=
|mode=
|postscript=
|ref=
}}
first1 last or last1 may also use "first"; for additional authors, "first2", "first3", etc.
author-link1 last or last1 may also use "author-link"
author-mask1 last or last1 may also use "author-mask"
last2 last1
first2 last2
display-authors last or last1
last-author-amp last or last1
date
year
orig-year year or date
chapter do not wikilink "chapter" if "chapterurl" is provided
script-chapter
trans-chapter chapter or script-chapter
chapter-url chapter or script-chapter
chapter-format chapter-url
editor1-last may also use "editor-last"
editor1-first editor1-last may also use 'editor-first"
editor1-link editor1-last may also use "editor-link"
editor1-mask editor1-last
display-editors
title
script-title
trans-title title or script-title
url title or script-title
dead-url
format url
type
series
language
volume
issue
others
edition
location publisher
publisher
publication-date
page choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
pages choose one: "page", "pages", or "at". Use when content on multiple pages supports the article text.
at choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
nopp page or pages set nopp to "yes" to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
arxiv
asin
bibcode
doi
doi-broken-date doi
isbn always include ISBN, if one has been assigned
issn
jfm
jstor
lccn
mr
oclc
ol
osti
pmc
pmid
rfc
ssrn
zbl
id
archive-url archive-date, url
archive-date archive-url
access-date url
via
registration
subscription
lay-summary
lay-source lay-summary
lay-date lay-summary
quote
name-list-format vanc to emulate Vancouver style
mode cs1 or cs2
postscript
ref
If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[ਸੋਧੋ]

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book}}
Mysterious Book. 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book |date=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901. 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage with url (and access-date) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |orig-year=1st pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Smith |first2=John |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.). 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |date=September 2001 |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Washington |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0. 

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |date=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans-title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (in French) (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |date=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 354063293X. doi:10.1007/b62130. 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X. 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; et al. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Parameters[ਸੋਧੋ]

Syntax[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/syntax

COinS[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/coins

Deprecated[ਸੋਧੋ]

None of the cs1|2 parameters is deprecated.

Description[ਸੋਧੋ]

Authors[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s).
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • Insert non-formatted text herecoauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • contributor-last: Surname of contributor. Do not wikilink—use contributor-link instead. For book cites only, requires contribution; used primarily to cite afterword, foreword, introduction, or preface to authorਫਰਮਾ:'s work. Aliases: contributor-surname, contributor1, contributor1-last, contributor-last1.
    • contributor-first: Given or first names of contributor. Do not wikilink—use contributor-link instead. Aliases: contributor-given, contributor1-first, contributor-first1.
    • OR: for multiple contributors, use contributor-last1, contributor-first1 through contributor-lastn, contributor-firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of contributors (each contributor-firstn requires a corresponding contributor-lastn). Aliases: contributor1-last, contributor1-first through contributorn-last, contributorn-first, or contributor1 through contributorn.
    • contributor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the contributor—not the contributor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: contributor-link1, contributor1-link.
    • OR: for multiple contributors, use contributor-link1 through contributor-linkn. Aliases: contributor1-link through contributorn-link.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[ਸੋਧੋ]

(See also Help:Citation Style 1 §Titles and chapters.)

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will not display and link correctly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the pipe
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/type ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/chapter

  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of ਸ਼੍ਰੇਣੀ:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/publisher

Edition, series, volume[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/edition ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/series ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/volume

In-source locations[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/pages

URL[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/url

Chapter URL[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/chapterurl

Anchor[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/ref

Identifiers[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id1 ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/id2

Quote[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/quote

Editors[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/editor

Laysummary[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display options[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/display

Subscription or registration required[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/registration

TemplateData[ਸੋਧੋ]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

ਫਰਮੇ ਦੇ ਮਾਪਦੰਡ

ਮਾਪਦੰਡ ਵੇਰਵਾ ਕਿਸਮ ਦਰਜਾ
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Title title

The title of the book; displays in italics

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String required
Title link title-linktitlelinkepisode-linkepisodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Vancouver style author list vauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 2 last2author2surname2author-last2author2-lastsubject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 2 first2given2author-first2author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 3 last3author3surname3author-last3author3-lastsubject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 3 first3given3author-first3author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 4 last4author4surname4author-last4author4-lastsubject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 4 first4given4author-first4author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 5 last5author5surname5author-last5author5-lastsubject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 5 first5given5author-first5author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 6 last6author6surname6author-last6author6-lastsubject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 6 first6given6author-first6author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 7 last7author7surname7author-last7author7-lastsubject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 7 first7given7author-first7author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 8 last8author8surname8author-last8author8-lastsubject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 8 first8given8author-first8author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name 9 last9author9surname9author-last9author9-lastsubject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name 9 first9given9author-first9author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Collaboration collaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Date dateair-dateairdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Work workjournalwebsitenewspapermagazineencyclopediaencyclopaediadictionarymailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Publisher publisherdistributorinstitutionnewsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
ISBN isbnISBN13isbn13ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Ignore ISBN Error ignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Boolean optional
Editor last name editor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Unknown optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-giveneditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Unknown optional
Link for editor editor-linkeditorlinkeditor-link1editor1-linkeditorlink1editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Editor mask editor-maskeditormaskeditormask1editor1-maskeditor-mask1editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Vancouver style editor list veditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Editors list editors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Unknown deprecated
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Series identifier seriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Location of publication locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Place of publication publication-placepublicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Publication date publication-datepublicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Page pagep

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Page(s) cited pagespp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Language languagein

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name translator-lasttranslatortranslator-last1translator1translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name translator-firsttranslator1-firsttranslator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Chapter chaptercontributionentryarticlesection

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Script Chapter script-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
ja:東京タワー
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translated chapter trans-chaptertrans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Type typemedium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
arXiv identifier arxivARXIVeprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
arXiv Class class

Cite arXiv identifiers

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ASIN asinASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Line optional
DOI doiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
EISSN eissnEISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
2009-0048
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Handle System identifier hdlHDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ISMN ismnISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
979-0-9016791-7-7
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
ISSN issnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
JSTOR jstorJSTOR

JSTOR identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
LCCN lccnLCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
MR mrMR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OCLC oclcOCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OL olOL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OSTI ostiOSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
PMID pmidPMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
id idID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Quote quotequotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Name list format name-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Mode mode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
.
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask author-maskauthormaskauthormask1author1-maskauthor-mask1author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 2 author-mask2authormask2author2-maskauthor2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 3 author-mask3authormask3author3-maskauthor3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 4 author-mask4authormask4author4-maskauthor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 5 author-mask5authormask5author5-maskauthor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 6 author-mask6authormask6author6-maskauthor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 7 author-mask7authormask7author7-maskauthor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 8 author-mask8authormask8author8-maskauthor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Author mask 9 author-mask9authormask9author9-maskauthor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Number optional
Author link author-linkauthorlinksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2author2-linksubjectlink2author2linksubject-link2subject2-linksubject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-linksubjectlink3author3linksubject-link3subject3-linksubject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-linksubjectlink4author4linksubject-link4subject4-linksubject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-linksubjectlink5author5linksubject-link5subject5-linksubject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-linksubjectlink6author6linksubject-link6subject6-linksubject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-linksubjectlink7author7linksubject-link7subject7-linksubject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-linksubjectlink8author8linksubject-link8subject8-linksubject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-linksubjectlink9author9linksubject-link9subject9-linksubject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of second editor editor-last2editor-surname2editor2editor2-lasteditor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of second editor editor-first2editor-given2editor2-firsteditor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for second editor editor-link2editor2-linkeditorlink2editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for second editor editor-mask2editormask2editor2-maskeditor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of third editor editor-last3editor-surname3editor3editor3-lasteditor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of third editor editor-first3editor-given3editor3-firsteditor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for third editor editor-link3editor3-linkeditorlink3editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for third editor editor-mask3editormask3editor3-maskeditor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of fourth editor editor-last4editor-surname4editor4editor4-lasteditor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of fourth editor editor-first4editor-given4editor4-firsteditor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for fourth editor editor-link4editor4-linkeditorlink4editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for fourth editor editor-mask4editormask4editor4-maskeditor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of fifth editor editor-last5editor-surname5editor5editor5-lasteditor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of fifth editor editor-first5editor-given5editor5-firsteditor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for fifth editor editor-link5editor5-linkeditorlink5editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for fifth editor editor-mask5editormask5editor5-maskeditor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of sixth editor editor-last6editor-surname6editor6editor6-lasteditor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of sixth editor editor-first6editor-given6editor6-firsteditor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for sixth editor editor-link6editor6-linkeditorlink6editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for sixth editor editor-mask6editormask6editor6-maskeditor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of seventh editor editor-last7editor-surname7editor7editor7-lasteditor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of seventh editor editor-first7editor-given7editor7-firsteditor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for seventh editor editor-link7editor7-linkeditorlink7editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for seventh editor editor-mask7editormask7editor7-maskeditor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of eighth editor editor-last8editor-surname8editor8editor8-lasteditor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of eighth editor editor-first8editor-given8editor8-firsteditor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for eighth editor editor-link8editor8-linkeditorlink8editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for eighth editor editor-mask8editormask8editor8-maskeditor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last name of ninth editor editor-last9editor-surname9editor9editor9-lasteditor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
First name of ninth editor editor-first9editor-given9editor9-firsteditor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Link for ninth editor editor-link9editor9-linkeditorlink9editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Mask for ninth editor editor-mask9editormask9editor9-maskeditor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Display Editors display-editorsdisplayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 2 translator-last2translator2translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 2 translator-first2translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 3 translator-last3translator3translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 3 translator-first3translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 4 translator-last4translator4translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 4 translator-first4translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 5 translator-last5translator5translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 5 translator-first5translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 6 translator-last6translator6translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 6 translator-first6translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 7 translator-last7translator7translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 7 translator-first7translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 8 translator-last8translator8translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 8 translator-first8translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator last name 9 translator-last9translator9translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator first name 9 translator-first9translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Translator link translator-linktranslator-link1translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 2 translator-link2translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 3 translator-link3translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 4 translator-link4translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 5 translator-link5translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 6 translator-link6translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 7 translator-link7translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 8 translator-link8translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Translator link 9 translator-link9translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Page optional
Chapter URL chapter-urlchapterurlcontribution-urlsection-urlcontributionurlsectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Format of Chapter URL chapter-formatcontribution-formatsection-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Archive Format archive-format

Format of the Archive

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Lay URL lay-urllay-summarylaysummarylayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Via via

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
Open Edition, JSTOR
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String suggested
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Issue issuenumber

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Coauthor coauthor

Coauthor

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String deprecated
Coauthors coauthors

Coauthors

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String deprecated
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
City of Publication city

Where published

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String deprecated
Agency agency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional
Department department

Unusual in cite book.

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
Unknown optional
Date format df

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪ
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
ਖ਼ਾਲੀ
String optional

See also[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਫਰਮਾ:Wikipedia referencing This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.