# ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/doc

Template {{Convert}} calculates measurements from one unit (you can enter) to another one, and then presents the results. For example:

`{{convert|2|km|mi}}` → 2 kiloਮੀਟਰs (1.2 ਮੀਲ)
`{{convert|7|mi|km}}` → 7 ਮੀਲs (11 kਮੀ)

The available units are listed below. Units are case-sensitive always (kW, not KW or kw). Multiple formatting and calculation options are listed below.

## Unit name or symbol (abbreviation): 1 pound or 1 lb?

By default, the first value shows unit name spelled out, the second the symbol (or abbreviation). Use `|abbr=on/off` to change this behaviour:

• `{{convert|1|lb|kg}}` → 1 pound (0.45 kg)

To abbreviate both:

• `{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=on}}` → 1 lb (0.45 kg)
• `{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=off}}` → 1 pound (0.45 kilograms)

`|abbr=in` is the reverse behaviour to the default, `|abbr=out`:

• `{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=in}}` → 1 lb (0.45 kilograms)

### Convenience: {{cvt}} has `|abbr=on` by default

Template {{Cvt}} is similar to {{convert}}, but has `|abbr=on` as the default behaviour. In {{cvt}}, all other options are available. So:

`{{cvt|1|lb|kg}}` → 1 lb (0.45 kg)

is equal to:

`{{convert|1|lb|kg|abbr=on}}` → 1 lb (0.45 kg)

Use `|adj=on` to produce the adjective form:

• `A {{convert|10|mi|km|adj=on}} distance` → A 10-ਮੀਲ (16 kਮੀ) distance.

Default behaviour, for comparison:

• `{{convert|10|mi|km}} to go` → 10 ਮੀਲs (16 kਮੀ) to go.

This option does not work with `|abbr=on`.

## Rounding: 100 ft is 30 m or 30.5 m or 30.48 m?

By definition, 100 ft equals 30.48 ਮੀ. In practical use, it is common to round the calculated metric number. With that, there are several possibilities.

### Default rounding

By {{Convert}} default, the conversion result will be rounded either to precision comparable to that of the input value (the number of digits after the decimal point—or the negative of the number of non-significant zeroes before the point—is increased by one if the conversion is a multiplication by a number between 0.02 and 0.2, remains the same if the factor is between 0.2 and 2, is decreased by 1 if it is between 2 and 20, and so on) or to two significant figures, whichever is more precise. An exception to this is rounding temperatures (see below).

Examples of rounding
Input Displays as Note
`{{convert|123|ft|m|-1}}` 123 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (40 ਮੀ)
`{{convert|123|ft|m|0}}` 123 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (37 ਮੀ)
`{{convert|123|ft|m|1}}` 123 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (37.5 ਮੀ)
`{{convert|550|ft|m|0}}` 550 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (168 ਮੀ) Approximate value is 167.64 m
`{{convert|550|ft|m}}` 550 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (170 ਮੀ) Rounds to 170, when approximate value is 167.64 m
`{{convert|500|ft|m|0}}` 500 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (152 ਮੀ) Approximate value is 152.4 m
`{{convert|500|ft|m}}` 500 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (150 ਮੀ) Rounds to 150, when approximate value is 152.4 m

Convert supports four types of rounding:

### Round to a given precision: use a precision number

Specify the desired precision with the fourth unnamed parameter (or third unnamed parameter if the "convert to" parameter is omitted; or fifth unnamed parameter if a range is specified; or fourth unnamed parameter again if a range is specified and the "convert to" parameter is omitted; needs to be replaced with a "precision" named parameter). The conversion is rounded off to the nearest multiple of 110 to the power of this number. For instance, if the result is 8621 and the round number is "-2", the result will be 8600. If the result is "234.0283043" and the round number is "0", the result will be 234.

### Round to a given number of significant figures: `|sigfig=`

To specify the output number to be with n significant figures use `|sigfig=<number>`:

• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=4}}` → 1,200 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (365.8 ਮੀ)
• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=3}}` → 1,200 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (366 ਮੀ)
• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=2}}` → 1,200 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (370 ਮੀ)
• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=1}}` → 1,200 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (400 ਮੀ)

Default behaviour, for comparison:

• `{{convert|1200|ft|m}}` → 1,200 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (370 ਮੀ)

Setting `|sigfig=` is meaningless

• `{{convert|1200|ft|m|sigfig=0}}` → 1,200 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (370 ਮੀ)*

### Round to a multiple of 5: 15, 20, 25, ...

Using `|round=5` rounds the outcome to a multiple of 5.

• `{{convert|10|m|ft}}` → 10 ਮੀਟਰs (33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)
• `{{convert|10|m|ft|round=5}}` → 10 ਮੀਟਰs (35 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

Similar: using `|round=25` rounds the outcome to a multiple of 25.

• `{{convert|10|m|ft}}` → 10 ਮੀਟਰs (33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)
• `{{convert|10|m|ft|round=25}}` → 10 ਮੀਟਰs (25 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

Default behaviour, for comparison:

• `{{convert|10|m|ft|sigfig=4}}` → 10 ਮੀਟਰs (32.81 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

In a range, one can round each value individually to the default. Use `|round=each`:

• `{{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft}}` → 10 by 200 by 3,000 ਮੀਟਰs (33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 656 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 9,843 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)
• `{{convert|10 x 200 x 3000|m|ft|round=each}}` → 10 by 200 by 3,000 ਮੀਟਰs (33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 660 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 9,800 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

### Round to a multiple of a given fraction:  2 3⁄16 inch

Specify the desired denominator using `|frac=<some positive integer>`. (Denominator is the below-the-slash number, for example the 3 in 13).

• `{{convert|5.56|cm|in|frac=16}}` → 5.56 centiਮੀਟਰs (2 316 ਇੰਚ)
• `{{convert|8|cm|in|frac=4}}` → 8 centiਮੀਟਰs (3 14 ਇੰਚ)

The fraction is reduced when possible:

• `{{convert|8|cm|in|frac=100}}` → 8 centiਮੀਟਰs (3 320 ਇੰਚ)

Default behaviour, for comparison:

• `{{convert|8|cm|in}}` → 8 centiਮੀਟਰs (3.150 ਇੰਚ)

### In temperatures: rounding °C, °F and K

In temperatures, the conversion will be rounded either to precision comparable to that of the input value or to that which would give three significant figures when expressed in kelvins, whichever is more precise.

1. Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".
2. Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".
3. Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".
4. Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".
5. Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".
6. Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".

The precision of the input number in example (1) is one digit, but the precision of its Kelvins expression is three, so the precision of the Fahrenheit conversion is made three (made 180...) . (1) and (2) seem to belie the fact that a 0.1 degrees Celsius change is a 0.18 degrees Fahrenheit change, and make the 32 degrees difference shown in (1) begin to seem off somehow. Result (1) seems off until you set the significant figures yourself with `|sigfig=`:

Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".

or you set the precision positionally, relative to the decimal point (zero being at the decimal point):

Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate".

The precision of the input number in example (2) is six, so the precision of the Fahrenheit output is, whereas before, Kelvins had determined it to be three. Examples (3) and (4) show how this can be hidden and generate questions, but it occurs there because the Kelvins conversion generated two fractional parts. (Before it was the input number that generated the fractional part.) In example (3) the three input digits converted into into five significant output digits because of the two numbers after the decimal point, generated by the Kelvins conversion. This happened again in (5), but in (6) decimal fractions were neither given as input nor induced by the Kelvins conversion.

## Into multiple units: 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)

Separate the multiple output units by a space:

• `{{convert|10|C|F K}}` → 10 °C (50 °F; 283 K)
• `{{convert|5|km|mi nmi}}` → 5 kiloਮੀਟਰs (3.1 ਮੀਲ; 2.7 nmi)

If the output unit names contain spaces, use `+` as the separator.

## Ranges of values

A range converts two values and separates them by your choice of words and punctuation.

### A range: 6 to 17 kg (13 to 37 lb)

Range indicators are entered as the second parameter (between the values). Range separators can be:

Range separators in {{convert}}
Separator Convert Result Notes
`-` `{{convert|3|-|6|ft}}` 3–6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91–1.83 ਮੀ) Input can be hyphen (-) or en dash (–), output uses en dash
ਫਰਮਾ:Hidden sort key`–` `&ndash;` (en dash) `{{convert|3|–|6|ft}}` 3–6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91–1.83 ਮੀ)
`and` `{{convert|3|and|6|ft}}` 3 and 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 and 1.83 ਮੀ)
ਫਰਮਾ:Hidden sort key`&` `{{convert|3|&|6|ft}}` 3 &[convert: unknown unit] Same as `and`
`and(-)` `{{convert|3|and(-)|6|ft}}` 3 and 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91–1.83 ਮੀ) `|abbr=on` abbreviates the first unit
`and(-)|abbr=on` `{{convert|3|and(-)|6|ft|abbr=on}}` 3 and 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91–1.83 ਮੀ)
`or` `{{convert|3|or|6|ft}}` 3 or 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 or 1.83 ਮੀ)
`to` `{{convert|3|to|6|ft}}` 3 to 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 to 1.83 ਮੀ)
`to(-)` `{{convert|3|to(-)|6|ft}}` 3 to 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91–1.83 ਮੀ) `|abbr=on` abbreviates the first unit
`to(-)|abbr=on` `{{convert|3|to(-)|6|ft|abbr=on}}` 3 to 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91–1.83 ਮੀ)
`to about` `{{convert|3|to about|6|ft}}` 3 to about 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 to about 1.83 ਮੀ)
`+/-` `{{convert|3|+/-|6|ft}}` 3 ± 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 ± 1.83 ਮੀ)
ਫਰਮਾ:Hidden sort key`±` `&plusmn;` `{{convert|3|±|6|ft}}` 3 ± 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 ± 1.83 ਮੀ)
`+` `{{convert|3|+|6|ft}}` 3 + 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 + 1.83 ਮੀ)
`,` `{{convert|3|,|6|ft}}` 3, 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91, 1.83 ਮੀ)
`, and` `{{convert|3|, and|6|ft}}` 3, and 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91, and 1.83 ਮੀ)
`, or` `{{convert|3|, or|6|ft}}` 3, or 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91, or 1.83 ਮੀ)
`by` `{{convert|3|by|6|ft}}` 3 by 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 by 1.83 ਮੀ)
`x` `{{convert|3|x|6|ft}}` 3 by 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 ਮੀ × 1.83 ਮੀ) Scientific notation.
`|abbr=on` abbreviates the first unit
`×` `&times;` `{{convert|3|×|6|ft}}` 3 by 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 ਮੀ × 1.83 ਮੀ)
`x|abbr=on` `{{convert|3|x|6|ft|abbr=on}}` 3 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.91 ਮੀ × 1.83 ਮੀ)
`xx` |xx| is deprecated. Use |x| instead
`*` |*| is deprecated. Use |x| instead
`to-` |to-| is deprecated. Use |to(-)| instead
`&` |&| is deprecated. Use |and| instead
`abbr=mos` |abbr=mos is deprecated. Use |x| or |by| instead

### Multiple dimensions: 6 ਮੀ × 12 ਮੀ (20 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 39 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

Use `by`:

• `{{convert|6|by|12|ft|m}}` → 6 by 12 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (1.8 by 3.7 ਮੀ)

Use `×`, multiplication sign, or `x`, letter:

• `{{convert|6|x|12|m|ft}}` → 6 by 12 ਮੀਟਰs (20 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 39 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

In science, the formal way is to set `|x|` and `|abbr=on` (keeping dimensions right, like in area = x km2):

• `{{convert|6|x|12|m|ft|abbr=on}}` → 6 ਮੀ × 12 ਮੀ (20 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ × 39 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

### About feet, inch in ranges and multiples

While it is possible to enter feet, inch in a simple conversion, this is not possible for ranges:

• `{{convert|1|ft|3|in|x|3|ft|5|in|mm}}` → 1 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 3 ਇੰਚ ([convert: unknown unit])*

Default behaviour, for comparison:

• `{{convert|1|ft|3|in|mm}}` → 1 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 3 ਇੰਚ (380 mਮੀ)

## Words

### Spelling of unit name: UK metre or US meter?

Default spelling of units is en-UK. To show en-US spelling, use `|sp=us`:

`{{convert|1|m|ft}}` → 1 ਮੀਟਰ (3.3 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)—default
`{{convert|1|m|ft|sp=us}}` → 1 ਮੀਟਰ (3.3 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

### Spell out numbers: ten miles

To write a number in words, use `|spell=in`:

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=in}}` → ten ਮੀਲs (16,000 ਮੀ)

To spell out both in and out values, use `|spell=on`:

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on}}` → ten ਮੀਲs (sixteen thousand ਮੀਟਰs)

To make first letter a capital, use `|spell=In`, `|spell=On`

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=In}}` → Ten ਮੀਲs (16,000 ਮੀ)
• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=On}}` → Ten ਮੀਲs (sixteen thousand ਮੀਟਰs)

Remember that the spelling of the units (ft, m) is independently set by `|abbr=`. To the extreme:

• `{{convert|10|mi|m|spell=on|abbr=off|sp=us}}` → ten ਮੀਲs (sixteen thousand ਮੀਟਰs)

### Inserted before units: 4 planted acres

• `{{convert|4|acre||adj=pre|planted}}` → 4 planted ਏਕੜs (1.6 ha)

`disp=preunit` is similar, but has no separator after the specified text, and can have different text for the output value:

• `{{convert|4|acre||disp=preunit|planted }}` → 4 planted ਏਕੜs (1.6 planted ha)
• `{{convert|4|acre||disp=preunit|planted |reforested-}}` → 4 planted ਏਕੜs (1.6 reforested-ha)

### After adjective unit: A 10-ਫ਼ੁੱਟ-long corridor

`{{convert|10|ft|m|adj=mid|-long}}` → 10-ਫ਼ੁੱਟ-long (3.0 ਮੀ)

### Plurals: 1 inch, 2 inches

The unit symbol is singular always. Depending on the preceding number only, a unit name can be shown plural.

• `{{convert|1|metre}}` → 1 ਮੀਟਰ (3 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 3 ਇੰਚ)
• `{{convert|2|metre}}` → 2 ਮੀਟਰs (6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 7 ਇੰਚ)
• `{{convert|2|metre|abbr=on}}` → 2 ਮੀ (6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 7 ਇੰਚ)
Exception

Entering the unit spelled `|foot|` forces singular output "foot", whatever the number is.

• `{{convert|100|foot|abbr=off}}` → 100 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (30 ਮੀਟਰs)

## Numbers

### Using an SI prefix: gigameter (Gm), or micrometer (μm)

ਫਰਮਾ:Sidebar metric prefixes (small) Units can have an SI prefix like `G` before the unit: `Gm`, and `giga` before the name: `gigameter`. These are plain multiplication factors.

To illustrate, these are trivial calculations (from meter to meter), showing the multiplication factor:

• 12 Gਮੀ (1.2×1010 ਮੀ)
• 12 μਮੀ (1.2×10−5 ਮੀ)

The prefix can be added before the SI unit (here: unit `m` for meter):

• `{{convert|12|Gm|mi|abbr=on}}` → 12 Gਮੀ (7,500,000 ਮੀਲ)
• `Mm`: 12 Mਮੀ (7,500 ਮੀਲ)
• `km`: 12 kਮੀ (39,000 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)
• `mm`: 12 mਮੀ (0.47 ਇੰਚ)
• `μm`: 12 μਮੀ (0.012 mਮੀ)
• `um`: 12 μਮੀ (0.012 mਮੀ) (letter "u" can be used for "μ" here)

The prefix can be used in the output unit:

• `{{convert|12000|mi|Mm|abbr=on}}` → 12,000 ਮੀਲ (19 Mਮੀ)
• `{{convert|12|in|μm|abbr=on}}` → 12 ਇੰਚ (300,000 μਮੀ)

As an exception, the non-SI unit "inch" can have the "μ" prefix too)

• `{{convert|12|μm|μin|abbr=on}}` → 12 μਮੀ (470 μin)

### Engineering notation: 7 × 106 m

#### In the unit: e6m

Engineering number notations like 7E6 (for 7 × 106) can be entered as a "prefix" to the unit:

• `{{convert|7|e6m}}` → 7 million ਮੀਟਰs (23,000,000 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)

The same is possible for the output unit:

• `{{convert|23,000,000|ft|e6m}}` → 23,000,000 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (7.0×106 ਮੀ)

Any standard unit (not a combination, multiple, or built-in unit) can have such a prefix:

• `e3` (thousand),
• `e6` (million),
• `e9` (billion),
• `e12` (trillion),
• `e15` (quadrillion).

### Scientific notation: 1.23×10−14

In scientific notation, a number is written like 1.23×10−14. The plain number has exactly one digit before the decimal point.

With {{convert}}, the input can be in e-notation such as `12.3e4`. This value is displayed as a power of ten, and the output is displayed in scientific notation, except that an output value satisfying 0.01 <= v < 1000 is shown as a normal number. In addition, if the output value is 1000 and sigfig=4 is used, the value is displayed as a normal number.

• `{{convert|12.3e-15|atm|atm|abbr=on}}` → 12.3×10−15 atm (1.23×10−14 atm)
• `{{convert|0.00000005|atm|atm|abbr=on}}` → 0.00000005 atm (5.0×10−8 atm)

### Input with fractions: 1 1⁄2 ਇੰਚ (38.1 mਮੀ)

The number to convert can be written in fractions. Both `/` (keyboard slash) and `⁄` (fraction slash) are accepted:

• `{{convert|1/2|in|mm|1}} → 1⁄2 ਇੰਚ (12.7 mਮੀ)`
• ``` {{convert|1⁄2|in|mm|1}} → 1⁄2 ਇੰਚ (12.7 mਮੀ)```
```With integers, use a + sign ````{{convert|2+1⁄2|in|mm|1}} → 2 1⁄2 ਇੰਚ (63.5 mਮੀ)````When negative, use a hyphen - and repeat it: ``````{{convert|-2-1⁄2|in|mm|1}} → −2 1⁄2 ਇੰਚ (−63.5 mਮੀ) {{convert|2-1⁄2|in|mm|1}} → 2–1⁄2 ਇੰਚ (50.8–12.7 mਮੀ) Note: this is read as a range {{convert|-2+1⁄2|in|mm|1}} → [convert: invalid number] ਫਰਮਾ:Nay Should be a number, not an expression (do not require a calculation)````Output with horizontal fraction bar in: 1/2 inch````Using a double slash (//) returns a horizontal bar fraction: ``````{{convert|1//2|in|mm|1}} → 1/2 ਇੰਚ (12.7 mਮੀ) {{convert|2+1//2|in|mm|1}} → 2 1/2 ਇੰਚ (63.5 mਮੀ)````Thousands separator: 1,000 mi or 1000 mi````In input, a comma for thousands separator is accepted but not required; a gap (space) is not accepted. In output, by default, the thousand separator is the comma: ``````{{convert|1234567|m|ft}} → 1,234,567 ਮੀਟਰs (4,050,417 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ) {{convert|1,234,567|m|ft}} → 1,234,567 ਮੀਟਰs (4,050,417 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ) {{convert|1 234 567|m|ft}} → [convert: invalid number] ਫਰਮਾ:Nay``````Set |comma=off to remove the separator from the output: ````{{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=off}} → 1234567 ਮੀਟਰs (4050417 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)````Use |comma=gaps to use digit grouping by gap (thin space) as a thousands separator: ````{{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=gaps}} → 1234567 ਮੀਟਰs (4050417 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)````Default behaviour, for comparison: ````{{convert|1234567|m|ft}} → 1,234,567 ਮੀਟਰs (4,050,417 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)````Setting |comma=5 or |comma=gaps5 will only add the separator when the number of digits is 5 or more: ``````{{convert|1234|m|ft|comma=5}} → 1234 ਮੀਟਰs (4049 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ) {{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=5}} → 1,234,567 ਮੀਟਰs (4,050,417 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ) {{convert|1234|m|ft|comma=gaps5}} → 1,234 ਮੀਟਰs (4,049 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)* {{convert|1234567|m|ft|comma=gaps5}} → 1,234,567 ਮੀਟਰs (4,050,417 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)*``````Default behaviour, for comparison: ````{{convert|1234|m|ft}} → 1,234 ਮੀਟਰs (4,049 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)``Output manipulation``Brackets and separators: 10 m [33 ft]````Punctuation that distinguishes the two measurements is set by |disp=. Options are: b (the default), sqbr, comma, or, br, x|…: ``````{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=sqbr}} → 10 ਮੀਟਰs [33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ] {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=comma}} → 10 ਮੀਟਰs, 33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ {{convert|10|m|ft|disp=or}} → 10 ਮੀਟਰs or 33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ``````Default behaviour, for comparison: ````{{convert|10|m|ft}} → 10 ਮੀਟਰs (33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)````Setting |disp=br will force a new line (<br/>) ````{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=br}} → 10 ਮੀਟਰs33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ````Also |disp=br() will force a new line, and keep the brackets: ````{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=br()}} → 10 ਮੀਟਰs(33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ)````Setting |disp=x|… allows any text as separator: ````{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=x|_MyText_}} → 10 ਮੀਟਰs_MyText_33 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ—(To display spaces, use &nbsp;)``Flipping (reordering) the two measurements: 1,609.3 ਮੀਟਰs (1 ਮੀਲ)````Setting |order=flip will flip (swap) the two measurements: ````{{convert|1|mi|m|order=flip}} → 1,609.3 ਮੀਟਰs (1 ਮੀਲ)````Default behaviour, for comparison: ````{{convert|1|mi|m}} → 1 ਮੀਲ (1,609.3 ਮੀਟਰs)````When converting to multiple units, the effect is: ``````{{convert|10|km|mi nmi|order=flip}} → 6.2137 ਮੀਲs; 5.3996 nautical miles (10 kiloਮੀਟਰs) {{convert|10|km|nmi mi|order=flip}} → 5.3996 nautical miles; 6.2137 ਮੀਲs (10 kiloਮੀਟਰs)````Displaying parts of the result: 2 (1.5)````It is possible to display only parts of the conversion result: `````` Convert Output Description {{convert|2|cuyd|m3}} 2 cubic yards (1.5 m3) Default behaviour, for comparison {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|abbr=values}} 2 (1.5) Input and output numbers {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit}} cubic yards Input unit {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit|adj=on}} cubic-yard Input unit, adjective (hyphenated) {{convert|2|cuyd|cuyd|0|disp=out|abbr=off}} 2 cubic yards Input (workaround) {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|abbr=~}} 2 cubic yards [cu yd] (1.5 m3) Input: both name and symbol {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit2}} m3 Output unit (symbol) {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=unit2|abbr=off}} cubic metres Output unit (name) {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=number}} 1.5 Output value {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=out}} 1.5 m3 Output value and unit {{convert|2|cuyd|m3|disp=out|abbr=off}} 1.5 cubic metres Output value and unit ````Display both input name and symbol: 2 kilopascals [kPa]````Setting |abbr=~ returns both name and symbol of the first (input) unit: ``````{{convert|2|kPa|psi|abbr=~}} → 2 kilopascals [kPa] (0.29 psi) A {{convert|2|kPa|psi|abbr=~|adj=on}} pressure → A 2-kilopascal [kPa] (0.29 psi) pressure````Table options````For the wikitable structure, there are three options: add a line-break, split the result over columns and make the table sortable. ````Enforced line break````|disp=br adds a line-break and omits brackets. |disp=br() adds a line-break and does add brackets to the converted value. This may be useful in tables: `````` |disp=br |disp=br() 100 kiloਮੀਟਰs62 ਮੀਲs 100 kiloਮੀਟਰs(62 ਮੀਲs) ````Table columns showing numbers only````Using {convert} in a table cell, with |disp=table splits the result over two columns: ````{{convert|10|m|ft|disp=table}} → style="text-align:right;"|10````|style="text-align:right;"|33 |disp=tablecen does the same, and also centers the text: ````{{convert|20|m|ft|disp=tablecen}} → style="text-align:center;"|20````|style="text-align:center;"|66 The units are added as a column header: ``````   m ft |disp=table 10 33 |disp=tablecen 20 66 |disp=<other> (default) 30 ਮੀਟਰs (98 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ) ````Sorting````Use |sortable=on to include a hidden numerical sortkey in the output, suitable for use in a table with sortable columns. Technically, this places a hidden string before the actual displayed values: ````{{convert|10|m|ft|sortable=on}} → <span style="display:none">7001100000000000000</span>10 metres (33&nbsp;ft)````Use both |disp=table and |sortable=on together to produce table columns (pipe symbols) for each value in sortable columns: `````` m ft A 15 3⁄4 52 B 15.5 51 C 16.0 52.5 D 16 52 ``````The generated sortkey is calculated in a consistent way based on both the value and its unit as passed to the convert template. In most cases convert uses the passed value converted to SI base units. It is therefore not necessarily the displayed value or other alternate units and is calculated regardless of output format options. Using different units or different order of units in individual rows should therefore not lead to incorrect sorting, although variations in rounding can give surprising results, since an unrounded number is used for the sortkey. ````Units``All units``See also: Convert/list of units``Units are case-sensitive: use kW, not KW or kw```` The table below lists units supported by this template. It is divided up according to the quantity being measured. Not all supported units are listed here; there are links to more complete lists for each quantity. The codes listed in the code column (column 3) are accepted as input by the template. These can be used as the second or third unnamed parameter. For some units there exist alternative codes. These are listed in brackets and have been incorporated to make the code more flexible for editors, e.g. °F or F may be entered. The codes listed in the combinations column (column 7) can be used to produce multiple conversions. They can only be used as the third unnamed parameter, e.g. {{Convert|55|nmi|km mi}} produces "55 nautical miles (102 kਮੀ; 63 ਮੀਲ)". Abridged list of units supported by {{Convert}} Explanation system unit unit-code symbol orabbrev. notes sample defaultconversion combinationoutput units the system(s) to which the unit belongs units listed by name unit-code to use in template symbols shown in output other notes about the units sample of the default conversion for the unit output codes for multiple conversions LENGTH(Full list) system unit unit-code abbrev-iation notes sample defaultconversion combinationoutput units SI megaਮੀਟਰ Mm Mਮੀ US spelling: megameter 1.0 Mਮੀ (3,280,839 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 11 ਇੰਚ) kiloਮੀਟਰ km kਮੀ US spelling: kilometer 1.0 kਮੀ (3,280 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 10 ਇੰਚ) km mi ਮੀਟਰ m ਮੀ US spelling: meter 1.0 ਮੀ (3 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 3 ਇੰਚ) m ft m ftin centiਮੀਟਰ cm cਮੀ US spelling: centimeter 1.0 cਮੀ (0.39 ਇੰਚ) cm in milliਮੀਟਰ mm mਮੀ US spelling: millimeter 1.0 mਮੀ (0.039 ਇੰਚ) mm in microਮੀਟਰ µm (um) μਮੀ US spelling: micrometer 1.0 μਮੀ (3.9×10−5 ਇੰਚ) nanoਮੀਟਰ nm nਮੀ US spelling: nanometer 1.0 nਮੀ (3.9×10−8 ਇੰਚ) non-SI metric ångström Å(angstrom) Å 1.0 Å (3.9×10−9 ਇੰਚ) Imperial&US customary ਮੀਲ mi (none) 1.0 ਮੀਲ ([convert: unknown unit]) mi km ਫ਼ਰਲਾਂਗ furlong (none) 1.0 ਫ਼ਰਲਾਂਗ (660 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ; 200 ਮੀ) chain chain (none) 1.0 chain (66 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ; 20 ਮੀ) rod rd rd For other names of this unit see the full list. 1.0 rd (17 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ; 5.0 ਮੀ) fathom fathom (none) fathom ≡ 6 ft 1.0 fathom (6.0 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ; 1.8 ਮੀ) yard yd yd assumes the international definition 1.0 yd (0.91 ਮੀ) ਫ਼ੁੱਟ ft (foot) (none) ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/foot note 1.0 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ (0.30 ਮੀ) ftin (feet and inches) ft m (foot m) ਇੰਚ in (none) 1.0 ਇੰਚ (25 mਮੀ) in cm in mm Other nautical mile nmi nmi the international standard nautical mileFor other nautical miles see the full list. 1.0 nmi (1.9 kਮੀ; 1.2 ਮੀਲ) parsec pc pc 1.0 pc (3.3 ly) light-year ly ly 1.0 ly (63,000 AU) astronomical unit AU AU 1.0 AU (150,000,000 kਮੀ; 93,000,000 ਮੀਲ) ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/area/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/volume/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/speed/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/force/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/energy/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/temperature/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/mass/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/torque/short list ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/list of units/extra ````'per' units: kg/hl````When using a slash (/), a unit like kg/hl is recognized as kilograms per hectolitre and will be converted with other mass/volume units. ````{{convert|1000|kg/hl}} → 1,000 kilograms per hectolitre (100 lb/imp gal)``Units of difference: 10 °C higher; how much in °F````When a number is the measurement for a difference, one conversion is done. This may occur in temperatures (°C, °F, K). Compare this to a range, when two conversions are done. The only available units of difference are: |C-change=, |F-change= and |K-change=. ``````Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate"., regular temperature Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate"., difference (e.g., "The temperature changed from 30 into 40 °C") Script error: No such module "DemoTemplate"., range (e.g., "The temperature is between 10 and 15 °C")``````Consistently, into multiple units: ````A rise of {{convert|10|C-change|F-change K-change}} → A rise of 10 °C (18 °F; 10 K)``Multiple units: 1 ft 5 in``In input````Base document ਫਰਮਾ:Slink lists options for multiple unit input (like ft,in). It can catch predefined sets only (units that can be subdivided; e.g., yd into ft): ``````{{convert|1|yd|2|ft|3|in}} → 1 yard 2 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 3 ਇੰਚ (1.60 ਮੀ) {{convert|2|ft|3|in|cm}} → 2 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 3 ਇੰਚ (69 cਮੀ) {{convert|1|lb|5|oz|g}} → 1 pound 5 ounces (600 g)````In output````Available multiple-unit output options predefined, like ftin and ydftin. The full list is at ਫਰਮਾ:Slink. ``````{{convert|2|m|ftin}} → 2 ਮੀਟਰs (6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 7 ਇੰਚ) {{convert|2|m|ft in}} → 2 ਮੀਟਰs (6.6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ; 79 ਇੰਚ), using a space, returns the decimal point``````Default behaviour, for comparison: ````{{convert|2|m}} → 2 ਮੀਟਰs (6 ਫ਼ੁੱਟ 7 ਇੰਚ)````See also: ``````{{Hands}} a length used to measure horses {{Long ton}} a weight in ton, cwt, qr and lb````Currency per unit: \$/mi, €/km````Using currency symbols in a \$ per unit value, you can convert the per-unit: ````{{convert|10|\$/mi|\$/km}} → \$10 per ਮੀਲ (\$6.2/kਮੀ)````You can set the currency in both values using |\$=€: ````{{convert|10|\$/mi|\$/km|\$=€}} → €10 per ਮੀਲ (€6.2/kਮੀ)````It is not possible to convert the currency. So, this result (mixed currencies) is not possible: \$15 per mile (€8.6/km) ਫਰਮਾ:Nay ````Parameter list```` Parameter options for {{convert}}vte Parameter Value Description Note |abbr=in in Use symbol for first (left-hand side) unit Unit display |abbr=off off Use name for all units Unit display |abbr=none none |abbr=on on Use symbol for all units Unit display |abbr=out out Use symbol for right-hand side unit (default) Unit display |abbr=unit unit Use symbol for all units when using scientific notation Unit display |abbr=values values Omit both the input and output units: show only the numbers Unit display |abbr=~ ~ Shows both unit name and symbol Unit display |adj=mid|… mid User-specified text after the input unit; sets adj=on (adjective). Expects 1 unnamed parameter. Word adding, adjective |adj=on on Unit name is adjective (singular and hyphenated) Grammar, adjective |adj=pre|… pre User-specified text before input unit. Expects 1 unnamed parameter. Word adding |adj=ri0 ri0 Round input with precision 0 Input precision |adj=ri1 ri1 Round input with precision 1 Input precision |adj=ri2 ri2 Round input with precision 2 Input precision |adj=ri3 ri3 Round input with precision 3 Input precision |comma=5 5 Only use comma for thousands separator if 5 or more digits Number format |comma=gaps gaps Use gaps (space), not comma, for thousands separator Number format |comma=off off No thousands separator Number format |disp=b b Join input and output using " (...)" (default) Join values |disp=sqbr sqbr Join input and output using " [...]" Join values |disp=br br Join input and output using "<br/>" Join values |disp=comma comma Join input and output using ", " Join values |disp=or or Join input and output using " or " Join values |disp=number number Display output number only Parts only |disp=output number only output number only |disp=out out Display only output number and name/symbol Parts only |disp=output only output only |disp=preunit|…[|…] preunit Text to be inserted after value and before units, for both input and output, with optionally different text for output. Expects 1 or 2 unnamed parameters. Word adding |disp=table table Output is suitable for a table cell with align="right" Table columns |disp=tablecen tablecen Output is suitable for a table cell with align="center" Table columns |disp=unit unit Display input name/symbol only (not input number, not output) Parts only |disp=unit2 unit2 Display output name/symbol only (not input; not output number) Parts only |disp=x|… x Join input and output using user-specified text Word adding |frac=N N Show imperial number in fractions, denominator=N Number format, fraction |input=P2048 P2048 (e.g.) Reads and converts Wikidata property Inside template |lk=in in Link left-hand side unit name or symbol Unit link |lk=on on Link all unit names or symbols (but not twice for the same unit) Unit link |lk=out out Link right-hand side unit name or symbol Unit link |order=flip flip Inverts order of input, output measurements (conversion first) Order |order=out out Displays output units in the order entered, skipping input unit Order |qid=Q1056131 Q1056131 (e.g.) Reads Wikidata property from Wikidata item Inside template; testing |round=5 5 Rounds calculation to the nearest multiple of 5 Output precision |round=25 25 Rounds calculation to the nearest multiple of 25 Output precision |round=each each In a range, each number is rounded by the default rounding Output precision |sigfig=N N Round output number to N significant figures (N is a positive integer) Output precision |sortable=on on Adds invisible sort key Table sort |sp=us us Use U.S. spelling ("meter" instead of default "metre") Spelling U.S. names |spell=in in Spell input number in words Spelling numbers |spell=In In Spell input number in words with first letter uppercase Spelling numbers |spell=on on Spell input and output numbers in words Spelling numbers |spell=On On Spell input and output numbers in words with first letter uppercase Spelling numbers |\$=€ € Replace \$-sign with a currency sign, for example in \$/acre (no currency conversion happens) Cost per unit |debug=yes yes Debugging only. In a sortable table: show the normally hidden sort key Table sort |disp=flip flip Deprecated. Use ਫਰਮਾ:Mxt Order |sing= Deprecated. Use ਫਰਮਾ:Mxt Plurals ````Deprecated options``This list: view · talk · edit````Deprecated options should not be used. They may produce incorrect or undesired results and there is no guarantee that they will be supported in the future. ``````abbr=comma is deprecated. Use comma=off instead abbr=mos, setting range separators, is deprecated (not MOS compliant). Use |by| or |x| instead adj=1 is deprecated. No need to deviate from MOS regarding plurals adj=flip is deprecated. Use order=flip instead adj=j is deprecated. No need to use NBSP before full unit name. See MOS adj=nocomma is deprecated. Use comma=off instead disp=2 is deprecated. Use disp=output only instead disp=5 is deprecated. Use round=5 instead disp=flip is deprecated. Use order=flip instead disp=flip5 is deprecated. Use |order=flip |round=5 instead disp=nocomma is deprecated. Use comma=off instead disp=slash, disp=s, disp=/ are deprecated. Use disp=or instead disp=u2 is deprecated. Use disp=unit2 instead near=5 is deprecated. Use round=5 instead sing= is deprecated in any situation. Use adj= instead Range separator |xx| is deprecated (not MOS compliant). Use |x| instead Range separator |*| is deprecated (not MOS compliant). Use |x| instead Range separator |&| is deprecated. Use |and| instead Range separator |to-| is deprecated. Use |to(-)| instead````TemplateData````This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools. TemplateData for Convert ````Converts measurements to other units.ਫਰਮੇ ਦੇ ਮਾਪਦੰਡਮਾਪਦੰਡਵੇਰਵਾਕਿਸਮਦਰਜਾvalue1the value to convertNumberoptionalfrom unit2Lineoptionalto units3the unit to convert intoLineoptionalprecision or suffix4significant digits after decimal dot or, if negative, exponent of tenNumberoptionallink unitslk“on” all, “in” input, “out” output or “off” no unitsਮੂਲ ਰੂਪoffLineoptionalabbreviationabbrdisplay for the units: “on” unit symbols, “off” all unit names in full words, “in” input unit symbol, “out” abbreviated output units, “values” no units at allਮੂਲ ਰੂਪoutLineoptionalspellingsp“us” display U.S. spelling of unit namesLineoptionaladjectiveadjadjective form (singular unit name appended by hyphen) “on” or “mid” to put conversion at endLineoptionalconversiondispdisplay conversion result: “or” after ‘or’, “x” with custom prefix and suffix, “b” in parentheses, “table”/“tablecen”, “output only” alone, “output number only” alone and without unit, “unit” not at all but input unit; if the value is a number it is used as precisionਮੂਲ ਰੂਪbLineoptionalorderingorder“flip” returns converted value first, input value second.Lineoptionalsignificant figuressigfignumber that sets the number of significant figuresNumberoptionalrounding outputround“5” rounds the output number to nearest multiple of 5, “25” to nearest multiple of 25, “each” rounds each number in a rangeLineoptionalthousands separatorcommaSets or suppresses thousand separator in the numbers. “off” = no separator; “gaps”: use space not comma; “5” and “gaps5”: only add separator when number > 5 positions (10,000 or more)ਮੂਲ ਰੂਪonLineoptionalsort keysortable“on” generates a hidden sort keyLineoptional``See also````ਫਰਮਾ:Temp ਫਰਮਾ:Temp``````vte{{Convert}} help, documentation and maintenance template:Convert talk:Convert module:Convert {{Cvt}} Help Help:Convert Help:Convert units Help:Convert messages Documentation Template:Convert/doc parameter list deprecations list range separator list All /doc pages Units List of units (abriged) Full list of units area energy force flow length mass speed temperature torque volume Unusual units (likely not in {{Convert}}) Error trackingCategory:Convert errorsModules Module:Convert /data /extra /text All Related MOS:Numeric MOS:Units of measurement Module:ConvertNumeric Category:Convert-like templates ```

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