↑ ੩.੦੩.੧ and are usually analysed as clusters of and respectively, and are also spelled accordingly in Greek orthography. Palatalized pronunciation presupposes the presence of yet another vowel after the palatalized consonant and its following /i/. If there is no subsequent second vowel, palatalization does not occur.
↑ ੭.੦੭.੧੭.੨੭.੩੭.੪੭.੫੭.੬੭.੭γκ, μπ, ντ usually represent when found in the middle of a Greek word, when found in any foreign word or in the beginning of the a Greek one. e.g.: αμπέλι , μπαμπάς
↑The large number of mergers into Modern Greek is called Iotacism.
↑Letters normally representing can also indicate a palatal pronunciation of dorsal consonants when appearing before other vowels: i.e instead of velar , palatal occur (e.g.: γιαγιά , κιόλας , χιόνι , μαγκιά . A similar process has a palatal fricative follow other consonants; follows voiced consonants (e.g.: χέρια , βαριέμαι ) and follows voiceless consonants (e.g.: καρφιά , ποιος , ρεβύθια ). Similarly follows under similar situations (e.g.: μια , καλαμιά
↑When following a vowel, ‹υ› represents a pronunciation with before ‹θ›, ‹κ›, ‹ξ›, ‹π›, ‹σ›, ‹τ›, ‹φ›, ‹χ›, ‹ψ›, and a pronunciation with elsewhere.