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ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ

ਝੱਸ (ਹੋਰ ਨਾਂ ਲਤ, ਵਾਦੀ, ਨਸ਼ਾ ਜਾਂ ਅਮਲ ਹਨ) ਅਜਿਹੀ ਹਾਲਤ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਇਨਸਾਨ ਕਿਸੇ ਲਾਹੇਵੰਦ ਟੁੰਬ ਜਾਂ ਚੋਭ ਦੇ ਅਣਸੁਖਾਵੇਂ ਨਤੀਜਿਆਂ ਤੋਂ ਜਾਣੂੰ ਹੋਣ ਦੇ ਬਾਵਜੂਦ ਵੀ ਉਹਦਾ ਅਨੰਦ ਲੈਣ ਲਈ ਆਦਤਨ ਬੰਧੇਜ ਦਾ ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ ਹੋ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ।[6] ਇਸ ਹਾਲਤ ਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਰੋਗ ਜਾਂ ਅਜਿਹੇ ਵਤੀਰਿਆਂ ਵੱਲ ਲੈ ਕੇ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਇੱਕ ਜੀਵ-ਅਮਲ ਵਜੋਂ ਸਮਝਿਆ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ।[1][7]

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. 1.0 1.1 ਹਵਾਲੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਗਲਤੀ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Cellular basis
  2. ਹਵਾਲੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਗਲਤੀ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Nestler Labs Glossary
  3. Angres DH, Bettinardi-Angres K (October 2008). "The disease of addiction: origins, treatment, and recovery". Dis Mon. 54 (10): 696–721. PMID 18790142. doi:10.1016/j.disamonth.2008.07.002. 
  4. Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". In Sydor A, Brown RY. Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. pp. 364–365, 375. ISBN 9780071481274. The defining feature of addiction is compulsive, out-of-control drug use, despite negative consequences. ...
    compulsive eating, shopping, gambling, and sex–so-called “natural addictions”–  Indeed, addiction to both drugs and behavioral rewards may arise from similar dysregulation of the mesolimbic dopamine system.
     
  5. Yoshida T (1997). Klee H, ed. Amphetamine Misuse: International Perspectives on Current Trends. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers. p. 5. ISBN 9789057020810. Retrieved 1 December 2014. In summary, the essential component of [drug addiction] is a strong desire or a sense of compulsion (craving) to take the drug as manifested by drug-seeking behaviour which is difficult to control. Withdrawal syndrome and tolerance (a reduction in the sensitivity to a drug following its repeated administration) are both considered merely as consequences of drug exposure which, alone, are not sufficient evidence for a positive diagnosis of [drug addiction].
    In pharmacology, when a drug is a reinforcer, it makes the desire for the drug stronger as the subject continues using the drug. Therefore repeated use of drugs having marked reinforcing efficacy can easily lead to a state of [drug addiction].
     
  6. [1][2][3][4][5]
  7. American Society for Addiction Medicine (2012). "Definition of Addiction". 

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