ਲਿੰਗ-ਸਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
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ਫਰਮਾ:Feminism sidebar ਲਿੰਗ-ਸਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦ, ਨੂੰ ਪ੍ਰੋ-ਸੈਕਸ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦ, ਲਿੰਗ-ਕੱਟੜਪੰਥੀ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦ, ਜਾਂ ਜਿਨਸੀ ਲਿਬਰਲ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦ ਵਜੋਂ ਵੀ ਜਾਣਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ, ਇੱਕ ਲਹਿਰ ਹੈ ਜੋ 1980ਵਿਆਂ ਦੇ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਵਿੱਚ ਜਿਨਸੀ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਦੇ ਵਿਚਾਰ ਦੇ ਉਭਾਰ ਕਾਰਨ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਹੋਈ। ਇਸ ਵਿਚਾਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਔਰਤਾਂ ਦੀ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਲਈ ਜਿਨਸੀ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਅਹਿਮ ਤੱਤ ਹੈ। 

ਕੁਝ ਔਰਤਾਂ, ਔਰਤਾਂ ਦੇ ਅਤਿਆਚਾਰ ਦੇ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦੀ ਵਿਆਖਿਆ ਦੇ ਕੇਂਦਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਪੋਰਨੋਗ੍ਰਾਫੀ ਦੇ ਖ਼ਿਲਾਫ਼ ਐਂਟੀ ਪੋਰਨੋਗ੍ਰਾਫੀ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦੀਆਂ ਦੇ ਯਤਨਾਂ ਦੇ ਨਤੀਜੇ ਵਜੋਂ ਸੈਕਸ-ਸਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦੀ ਅੰਦੋਲਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਸ਼ਾਮਲ ਹੋ ਗਈਆਂ। 

ਕੈਥੀ ਐਕਰ, ਸੂਸੀ ਬ੍ਰਾਇਟ, ਡਾਇਨਾ ਕੇਜ, ਐਵਡਨ ਕਾਰਲ, ਪੈਟ੍ਰਿਕ ਕਾਲਫਿਆ, ਨੈਨਸੀ ਫ੍ਰਾਇਡੇ, ਲੈਸੀ ਗ੍ਰੀਨ, ਬ੍ਰੇਂਡਾ ਹੋਵਰਡ, ਜੋਆਨ ਨੈਸਲੇ ਅਤੇ ਐਲੇਨ ਵਿਲਿਸ ਸਮੇਤ ਕਈ ਔਰਤਾਂ ਲਿੰਗ-ਸਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਨਾਰੀਵਾਦ ਦੀ ਵਕੀਲ ਰਹੀਆਂ ਹਨ।

ਇਹ ਵੀ ਦੇਖੋ[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਲਿੰਗ-ਸਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਸਾਹਿਤ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  • Girl Heroes
  • The Ethical Slut

ਨੋਟਸ[ਸੋਧੋ]

Note 1
For criminalization of sexual violence in marriage see Marital rape and Marital rape (US law). For decriminalization of "sodomy" see Sodomy law and Sodomy laws in the United States.
Note 2

Feminist work on wife rape has uncovered a vast secret world of anguish in which women are used in this way by husbands and partners. The study by Diana E. H. Russell of rape in marriage gives us some illuminating insights into women's understanding of consent to sexual intercourse. She found that rape by husbands or ex-husbands, defined conservatively as vaginal, oral or anal penetration with the threat or use of force, was reported by 14 per cent of her respondents.[1] This might seem a high figure to those who are committed to recognising only rape which fits the police-blotter rapist model and to idealising marriage. But more interesting for our present purposes is the existence she reveals of a widespread submission to sexual intercourse which did not fall into her category of rape, and would be likely to be seen as consensual in most jurisdictions and probably by most of the men and women involved. [...] The force which has operated on them [women] all their lives and continues to operate on them within marriages and relationships remains largely invisible. [...] Such forces include the massive industry of sexology, sex therapy, sex advice literature, all of which make women feel guilty and inadequate for any unwillingness to fulfil a man's sexual desires.

— Sheila Jeffreys, Prostitution as male sexual violence[2]
Note 3

The focus on “sexual liberation” has always carried with it the assumption that the goal of such effort is to make it possible for individuals to engage in more and/or better sexual activity. Yet one assumption of sexual norms that many people find oppressive is the assumption that one “should” be engaged in sexual activity. This “should” is one expression of sexual coercion. Advocates of sexual liberation often imply that any individual who is not concerned about the quality of their experience or exercising greater sexual freedom is mentally disturbed or sexually repressed.

— bell hooks, Ending female sexual oppression[3]

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. Russell, Diana E.H. (1990). Rape in marriage. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253205636. 
  2. Jeffreys, Sheila (1997), "Prostitution as male sexual violence", in Jeffreys, Sheila, The idea of prostitution, North Melbourne, Victoria: Spinifex, pp. 261–262, ISBN 9781742190884. 
  3. hooks, bell (2015), "Ending female sexual oppression", in hooks, bell, Feminist theory: from margin to center, New York London: Routledge, pp. 148–158, ISBN 9781317588344 

ਇਹ ਵੀ ਪੜ੍ਹੋ[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਬਾਹਰੀ ਕੜੀਆਂ[ਸੋਧੋ]

Advocacy of sex-positive feminism[ਸੋਧੋ]

Articles[ਸੋਧੋ]

Organizations[ਸੋਧੋ]