ਵਰਤੋਂਕਾਰ:Nachhattardhammu/ਕੱਚਾ ਖਾਕਾ

    ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
    I Olympic Winter Games
    1924WOlympicPoster.jpg
    ਪੋਸਟਰ
    ਮਹਿਮਾਨ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ[ਸਾਮੁਨੀ]], ਫ੍ਰਾਂਸ
    ਈਵੈਂਟ16 in 6 sports (9 disciplines)
    ਉਦਘਾਟਨ ਸਮਾਰੋਹ25 ਜਨਵਰੀ
    ਸਮਾਪਤੀ ਸਮਾਰੋਹ5 ਫ਼ਰਵਰੀ
    ਓਲੰਪਿਕ ਸਟੇਡੀਅਮਨੈਸ਼ਨਲ ਸਟੇਡੀਅਮ

    1924 ਸਰਦ ਰੁੱਤ ਓਲੰਪਿਕ ਖੇਡਾਂ, 1924 ਵਿੱਚ ਫ੍ਰਾਂਸ ਦੇ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਸਾਮੁਨੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਹੋਈਆ। ਇਹ ਖੇਡਾਂ ਫ੍ਰਾਂਸ ਓਲੰਪਕ ਕਮੇਟੀ ਦੁਆਰਾ 25 ਜਨਵਰੀ ਤੋਂ 5 ਫਰਵਰੀ 1924 ਦੇ ਦਰਮਿਆਨ ਕਰਵਾਈਆ ਗਈਆਂ। [1]

    ਡHighlights[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Day 2[ਸੋਧੋ]

    The first gold medal to be awarded at the Olympic Winter Games was won by Charles Jewtraw of the United States in the 500-meter speed skate,[2] making him the first Winter Olympic champion.[3]

    Day 4[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Sonja Henie of Norway, at just eleven years old, took part in the ladies' figure skating competition. Although she finished last, she became popular with fans and went on to take gold at the next three Winter Olympics.[4]

    Day 6[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Figure skater Gillis Grafström of Sweden became the first athlete to successfully defend his Summer Olympic title at the Winter Olympics (having won a gold medal in 1920).

    Day 8[ਸੋਧੋ]

    The Canadian ice hockey team (Toronto Granites) finished their qualifying round with three wins, against Czechoslovakia (30–0), Sweden (22–0), and Switzerland (33–0), scoring a total of 85 goals and conceding none.[5]

    Day 10[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Finding themselves in the same situation as Gillis Grafström, the Canadian ice-hockey team is the last to successfully defend its Summer Olympics title at the Winter Olympics. Canada would dominate ice hockey in early Olympic competition, winning six of the first seven gold medals awarded.

    Epilogue[ਸੋਧੋ]

    At the closing of the Games, a prize was awarded for a sport that did not lend itself to tournament competition: Pierre de Coubertin presented a prize for 'alpinisme' (mountaineering) to Charles Granville Bruce, the leader of the British expedition that had attempted to climb Mount Everest in 1922.[6]

    For the first time in the history of the modern Olympics, the host country (in this case, France) failed to win any gold medals, finishing with three bronze medals. The same outcome occurred at the next Winter Olympics in St. Moritz where Switzerland won only a single bronze medal, the lowest ever output by a host nation at an Olympics. Later host nations to finish without gold medals included Canada at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Yugoslavia at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, and Canada for a second time at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary.

    In 1925, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided to organize Olympic Winter Games every four years, independent of the Olympic Games proper, and recognized the International Winter Sports Week as the first Olympic Winter Games in retrospect.

    The final individual medal of Chamonix 1924 was presented in 1974. The ski jumping event was unusual in that the bronze medalist was not determined for fifty years. Norway's Thorleif Haug was awarded third place at the event's conclusion, but a clerical error in calculating Haug's score was discovered in 1974 by skiing historian Jakob Vaage, who further determined that Anders Haugen of the United States, who had finished fourth, had actually scored 0.095 points more than Haug. This was verified by the IOC, and in Oslo in September 1974, Haug's daughter presented the medal to the 86-year-old Haugen.[7]

    In 2006, the IOC confirmed that the medals awarded to the 1924 curling teams were official.[8] The IOC verified that curling was officially part of the program, after the Glasgow Herald newspaper filed a claim on behalf of the families of the team.[9]

    Events[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Medals were awarded in 16 events contested in 5 sports (9 disciplines). Many sources do not list curling and the military patrol, or list them as demonstration events. However, no such designation was made in 1924. In February 2006, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) ruled that curling was a full part of the Olympic program, and have included the medals awarded in the official count.


    Venues[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Participating nations[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Athletes from 16 nations competed in the first Winter Olympic Games. Germany was banned from competing in the games, and instead hosted a series of games called Deutsche Kampfspiele.

    Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees[ਸੋਧੋ]


    Podium sweeps[ਸੋਧੋ]

    Date Sport Event NOC Gold Silver Bronze
    30 January Cross-country skiing Men's 50 kilometre ਨੋਰਵੇ Thorleif Haug Thoralf Strømstad Johan Grøttumsbråten
    4 February Nordic combined Normal hill ਨੋਰਵੇ Thorleif Haug Thoralf Strømstad Johan Grøttumsbråten



    ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

    1. "1924 Winter Olympics – Medals, Posters and Bobsleighs". My Art Deco Style. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2014.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    2. "26 January 1924: Charles Jewtraw was the inaugural winner at the Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix". olympic.org. 26 January 2020. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    3. "IOC Factsheet, Olympic Winter Games" (PDF). olympic.org. September 2014. p. 1. Retrieved 17 March 2021. 
    4. Bogage, Jacob (21 February 2018). "The world's first Olympic ice queen became a Hollywood star – and a Hitler admirer". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 24 March 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    5. "Harry Watson and the Canadian ice hockey goal glut". olympic.org. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    6. "Remembering Wales' winter Olympic heroes of 90 years ago". WalesOnline. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2021. 
    7. Bowker, Matt (7 February 2018). "How an 86-year-old bricklayer won the U.S.'s only ski jumping medal". NBC Olympic broadcasts. Archived from the original on 17 March 2021. Retrieved 17 March 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    8. "1924 curling medals count: IOC". CBC Sports. 8 February 2006. Archived from the original on 15 February 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2021.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    9. Thompson, Anna (9 February 2006). "GB curlers awarded belated gold". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 15 March 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2010.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    10. "I taliolümpiamängud Chamonix 1924 (25. jaanuar – 5. veebruar)" (ਇਸਟੋਨੀਆਈ). Postimees. 18 January 2006. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)