ਇਬਨ ਅਲ-ਹੀਸ਼ਮ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
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ਇਬਨ ਅਲ-ਹੀਸ਼ਮ
(ਅਲ-ਹਸਨ)
Alhazen, the Persian.gif
ਜਨਮ 1 ਜੁਲਾਈ 965 ਈਸਵੀ[1](354 ਹਿਜਰੀ)[2]
ਬਸਰਾ
ਮੌਤ 6 ਮਾਰਚ 1040[1] (430 ਹਿਜਰੀ)[3]
ਕੈਰੋ, ਮਿਸਰ
ਰਿਹਾਇਸ਼
ਖੇਤਰ
ਪ੍ਰਸਿੱਧੀ ਦਾ ਕਾਰਨ

ਅਬੂ ʿਅਲੀ ਅਲ-ਹਸਨ ਇਬਨ ਅਲ-ਹਸਨ ਇਬਨ ਅਲ-ਹੇਸਮ (ਅਰਬੀ: أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم), ਜਿਹਨੂੰ ਆਮ ਤੌਰ ਉੱਤੇ ਇਬਨ ਅਲ-ਹੀਸ਼ਮ ਕਰ ਕੇ ਬੁਲਾਇਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ (ਅਰਬੀ: ابن الهيثم; ਲਗ. 965 – ਲਗ. 1040), ਇੱਕ ਅਰਬ[8] ਵਿਗਿਆਨੀ, ਬਹੁ-ਜਾਣਕਾਰ, ਹਿਸਾਬਦਾਨ, ਤਾਰਾ ਵਿਗਿਆਨੀ ਅਤੇ ਫ਼ਲਸਫ਼ਾਦਾਨ ਸੀ ਜਿਹਨੇ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ, ਤਾਰਾ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ, ਹਿਸਾਬ, ਮੌਸਮ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ,[9] ਪ੍ਰਤੱਖ ਗਿਆਨ ਅਤੇ ਵਿਗਿਆਨਕ ਤਰੀਕਾ ਦੇ ਸਿਧਾਂਤਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਹਿਮ ਯੋਗਦਾਨ ਦਿੱਤਾ।.

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. 1.0 1.1 (Lorch 2008)
  2. Charles M. Falco (November 27–29, 2007), Ibn al-Haytham and the Origins of Computerized Image Analysis, International Conference on Computer Engineering & Systems (ICCES), http://www.optics.arizona.edu/SSD/art-optics/papers/IEEECairo.pdf, retrieved on 30 ਜਨਵਰੀ 2010 
  3. Franz Rosenthal (1960–1961), "Al-Mubashshir ibn Fâtik. Prolegomena to an Abortive Edition", Oriens (Brill Publishers) 13: 132–158 [136–7] 
  4. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews .
  5. Charles H Carman, John Hendrix, ed. (2012). "2: Classical optics and the perspectivae traditions leading to the Renaissance". Renaissance Theories of Vision. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 11. ISBN 9781409486510. Ibn al-Haytham's groundbreaking studies in optics, including his research in catoptrics and dioptrics (respectively the sciences investigating the principles and instruments pertaining to the reflection and refraction of light), were principally gathered in his monumental opus: Kitåb al-manåóir (The Optics; De Aspectibus or Perspectivae; composed between 1028 CE and 1038 CE). 
  6. Anne Rooney (2012). "Ibn Al-Haytham". The History of Physics. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 39. ISBN 9781448873715. As a rigorous experimental physicist, he is sometimes credited with inventing the scientific method. 
  7. David B. Baker, ed. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives. Oxford University Press. p. 449. ISBN 9780195366556. As shown earlier, Ibn al-Haytham was among the first scholars to experiment with animal psychology. 
  8. Science, Medicine and Technology, Ahmad Dallal, The Oxford History of Islam, ed. John L. Esposito, (Oxford University Press, 1999), 192;"Ibn al-Haytham (d. 1039), known in the West as Alhazan, was a leading Arab mathematician, astronomer, and physicist. His optical compendium, Kitab al-Manazir, is the greatest medieval work on optics".
  9. Helaine Selin, ed. (2008). "M". Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, Volume 1. Springer. p. 1667. ISBN 9781402045592. The three most recognizable Islamic contributors to meteorology were: the Alexandrian mathematician/ astronomer Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen 965-1039), the Arab-speaking Persian physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna 980-1037), and the Spanish Moorish physician/jurist Ibn Rushd (Averroes; 1126-1198).