ਗਾਂਜਾ, ਹੁਣ ਅਜ਼ਰਬਾਈਜਾਨ
ਨਿਜ਼ਾਮੀ ਗੰਜਵੀ (ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ: نظامی گنجوی, ਨਿਜ਼ਾਮੀ-ਏ-ਗੰਜਵੀi; ਅਜ਼ੇਰੀ: نظامی گنجوی, Nizami Gəncəvi) (1141 - 1209) (6ਵੀਂ ਸਦੀ ਹਿਜਰੀ), Nizami Ganje'i,ਨਿਜ਼ਾਮੀ, ਜਾਂ ਨੇਜ਼ਾਮੀ (ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ: نظامی), ਜਿਸਦਾ ਪੂਰਾ ਨਾਂ ਨਿਜ਼ਾਮ ਉਦ-ਦੀਨ ਅਬੂ ਮੁਹੰਮਦ ਇਲਿਆਸ ਇਬਨ-ਯੂਸੁਫ਼ ਇਬਨ-ਜ਼ਾਕੀ ਸੀ, 12ਵੀਂ ਸਦੀ ਦਾ ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ ਸ਼ਾਇਰ ਸੀ। ਨਿਜ਼ਾਮੀ ਨੂੰ ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਦਾ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਮਹਾਨ ਮਹਾਂਕਾਵਿਕ ਰੋਮਾਂਸਵਾਦੀ ਸ਼ਾਇਰ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ, ਜਿਸਨੇ ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ ਮਹਾਂਕਾਵਿਕ ਸ਼ਾਇਰੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਲੌਕਿਕ ਅਤੇ ਯਥਾਰਥਵਾਦੀ ਸ਼ੈਲੀ ਸਥਾਪਤ ਕੀਤੀ। ਉਸ ਦੀ ਵਿਰਾਸਤ ਨੂੰ ਅਫਗਾਨਿਸਤਾਨ, ਅਜ਼ਰਬਾਈਜਾਨ ਇਰਾਨ, ਕੁਰਦਸਤਾਨ ਅਤੇ ਤਾਜਿਕਸਤਾਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਵਿਆਪਕ ਗੌਰਵ ਅਤੇ ਮਾਣ ਨਾਲ ਅਪਣਾਇਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ।
- Meisami, Julie Scott (1995). The Haft Paykar: A Medieval Persian Romance. Oxford University Press.
Abû Muhammad Ilyas ibn Yusuf ibn Zaki Mu'ayyad, known by his pen-name of Nizami, was born around 1141 in Ganja, the capital of Arran in Transcaucasian Azerbaijan, where he remained until his death in about 1209. His father, who had migrated to Ganja from Qom in north central Iran, may have been a civil servant; his mother was a daughter of a Kurdish chieftain; having lost both parents early in his life, Nizami was brought up by an uncle. He was married three times, and in his poems laments the death of each of his wives, as well as proferring advice to his son Muhammad. He lived in an age of both political instability and intense intellectual activity, which his poems reflect; but little is known about his life, his relations with his patrons, or the precise dates of his works, as the accounts of later biographers are colored by the many legends built up around the poet
- Mo'in, Muhammad(2006), "Tahlil-i Haft Paykar-i Nezami", Tehran.: p. 2: Some commentators have mentioned his name as “Ilyas the son of Yusuf the son of Zakki the son of Mua’yyad” while others have mentioned that Mu’ayyad is a title for Zakki. Mohammad Moin, rejects the first interpretation claiming that if it were to mean 'Zakki son of Muayyad' it should have been read as 'Zakki i Muayyad' where izafe (-i-) shows the son-parent relationship but here it is 'Zakki Muayyad' and Zakki ends in silence/stop and there is no izafe (-i-). Some may argue that izafe is dropped due to meter constraints but dropping parenthood izafe is very strange and rare. So it is possible that Muayyad was a sobriquet for Zaki or part of his name (like Muayyad al-Din Zaki). This is supported by the fact that later biographers also state Yusuf was the son of Mu’ayyad
- Bernard Lewis, “Music of a distant drum”, Princeton University Press, 2001. Pg 9: “The Persians went a step further, creating authentic epic tradition comparables with those of Greece, Rome and the Vikings. This too, became in time, a form of Persian national self definition. The most famous of Persian epic poets, Firdawsi (940–1020) has been translated several times. An extract from the story of Farhad and Shirin, as told by the twelfth century Persian poet Nizami, exmpelified another form of narrative”
- Julie Scott Meisami, Paul Starkeym, “Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature”, Taylor & Francis, 1998. Pg 69:“In Arabic literature there has been no artistic elaboration of the story comparable to that undertaken by the Persian poet Nizami “
- BACHER, WILHELM. (2011). In Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved from http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/bacher-wilhelm-binyamin-zeev-1850-1913-was-born-in-liptszentmikls-hungary-today-in-czechoslovakia "he earned his doctorate writing a dissertation on the life and poetry of the Persian poet Nezāmī"
- Gäncä. (2011). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/225148/Ganca "Notable buildings include Dzhuma-Mechet Mosque (built 1620) and the modern mausoleum of the 12th-century Persian poet Neẓāmī Ganjavī."