ਸਮੱਗਰੀ 'ਤੇ ਜਾਓ

ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਰਸਲ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਰਸਲ
ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਆਰਥਰ ਵਿਲੀਅਮ ਰਸਲ

(1872-05-18)18 ਮਈ 1872
Trellech, Monmouthshire,[1] ਯੁਨਾਈਟਿਡ ਕਿੰਗਡਮ
ਮੌਤ2 ਫਰਵਰੀ 1970(1970-02-02) (ਉਮਰ 97)
Penrhyndeudraeth, ਵੇਲਜ਼, ਯੁਨਾਈਟਿਡ ਕਿੰਗਡਮ
ਪੁਰਸਕਾਰਡੇ ਮੋਰਗਨ ਮੈਡਲ (1932)
ਸਾਹਿਤ ਲਈ ਨੋਬਲ ਪੁਰਸਕਾਰ (1950)
ਕਲਿੰਗਾ ਪੁਰਸਕਾਰ (1957)
ਯਰੂਸ਼ਲਮ ਪੁਰਸਕਾਰ (1963)
ਕਾਲ20th-century philosophy
ਖੇਤਰWestern philosophy
ਸਕੂਲਵਿਸ਼ਲੇਸ਼ਣਮਈ ਦਰਸ਼ਨ
ਮੁੱਖ ਰੁਚੀਆਂ
ਮੁੱਖ ਵਿਚਾਰ

ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਆਰਥਰ ਵਿਲੀਅਮ ਰਸਲ, ਤੀਜਾ ਅਰਲ ਰਸਲ, ਓਐਮ, ਐਫਆਰਐੱਸ[55] (/ˈrʌsəl/; 18 ਮਈ 1872 – 2 ਫਰਵਰੀ 1970), ਇੱਕ ਬ੍ਰਿਟਿਸ਼ ਫ਼ਿਲਾਸਫ਼ਰ, ਗਣਿਤਗਿਆਨੀ, ਇਤਿਹਾਸਕਾਰ, ਲੇਖਕ, ਸਮਾਜਿਕ ਆਲੋਚਕ ਅਤੇ ਸਿਆਸੀ ਕਾਰਕੁਨ ਸੀ।[56][57] ਉਸ ਨੇ ਆਪਣੀ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਗੀ ਦੇ ਵੱਖ-ਵੱਖ ਸਮਿਆਂ ਤੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਨੂੰ ਉਦਾਰਵਾਦੀ, ਸਮਾਜਵਾਦੀ, ਅਤੇ ਸ਼ਾਂਤੀਵਾਦੀ ਕਿਹਾ, ਪਰ ਉਸ ਨੇ ਇਹ ਵੀ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਕਦੇ ਵੀ ਡੂੰਘੇ ਗੰਭੀਰ ਅਰਥਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਵਿੱਚੋਂ ਕੋਈ ਵੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ।[58]


  1. Monmouthshire's Welsh status was ambiguous at this time.
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  55. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1973.0021
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  56. The Life of Bertrand Russell. Knopf. 1976. p. 119. ISBN 9780394490595. He became a relentless political activist during the First World War, and throughout his life was an ardent advocate of parliamentary democracy through the support first of the Liberal Party and then of Labour.
  57. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "Bertrand Russell", 1 May 2003
  58. "I have imagined myself in turn a Liberal, a Socialist, or a Pacifist, but I have never been any of these things, in any profound sense."—Autobiography, p. 260.