ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਰਸਲ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ
ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਰਸਲ
Bertrand Russell transparent bg.png
ਜਨਮ ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਆਰਥਰ ਵਿਲੀਅਮ ਰਸਲ
18 ਮਈ 1872(1872-05-18)
Trellech, Monmouthshire,[1] ਯੁਨਾਈਟਿਡ ਕਿੰਗਡਮ
ਮੌਤ 2 ਫ਼ਰਵਰੀ 1970(1970-02-02) (ਉਮਰ 97)
Penrhyndeudraeth, ਵੇਲਜ਼, ਯੁਨਾਈਟਿਡ ਕਿੰਗਡਮ
ਰਿਹਾਇਸ਼ ਯੁਨਾਈਟਿਡ ਕਿੰਗਡਮ
ਰਾਸ਼ਟਰੀਅਤਾ ਬਰਤਾਨਵੀ
Awards ਡੇ ਮੋਰਗਨ ਮੈਡਲ (1932)
ਸਾਹਿਤ ਲਈ ਨੋਬਲ ਪੁਰਸਕਾਰ (1950)
ਕਲਿੰਗਾ ਪੁਰਸਕਾਰ (1957)
ਯਰੂਸ਼ਲਮ ਪੁਰਸਕਾਰ (1963)
ਕਾਲ 20th-century philosophy
ਇਲਾਕਾ Western philosophy
ਸਕੂਲ ਵਿਸ਼ਲੇਸ਼ਣਮਈ ਦਰਸ਼ਨ
ਮੁੱਖ ਰੁਚੀਆਂ
ਮੁੱਖ ਵਿਚਾਰ
ਦਸਤਖ਼ਤ
Bertrand Russell signature.svg

ਬਰਟਰੈਂਡ ਆਰਥਰ ਵਿਲੀਅਮ ਰਸਲ, ਤੀਜਾ ਅਰਲ ਰਸਲ, ਓਐਮ, ਐਫਆਰਐੱਸ[55] (/ˈrʌsəl/; 18 ਮਈ 1872 – 2 ਫਰਵਰੀ 1970), ਇਕ ਬ੍ਰਿਟਿਸ਼ ਫ਼ਿਲਾਸਫ਼ਰ, ਗਣਿਤਗਿਆਨੀ, ਇਤਿਹਾਸਕਾਰ, ਲੇਖਕ, ਸਮਾਜਿਕ ਆਲੋਚਕ ਅਤੇ ਸਿਆਸੀ ਕਾਰਕੁਨ ਸੀ।[56][57] ਉਸ ਨੇ ਆਪਣੀ ਜ਼ਿੰਦਗੀ ਦੇ ਵੱਖ-ਵੱਖ ਸਮਿਆਂ ਤੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਨੂੰ ਉਦਾਰਵਾਦੀ, ਸਮਾਜਵਾਦੀ, ਅਤੇ ਸ਼ਾਂਤੀਵਾਦੀ ਕਿਹਾ, ਪਰ ਉਸ ਨੇ ਇਹ ਵੀ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਕਦੇ ਵੀ ਡੂੰਘੇ ਗੰਭੀਰ ਅਰਥਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਵਿੱਚੋਂ ਕੋਈ ਵੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਸੀ।[58]

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. Monmouthshire's Welsh status was ambiguous at this time.
  2. Ronald Jager (2002). The Development of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy, Volume 11. Psychology Press. pp. 113–114. ISBN 9780415295451. 
  3. Nicholas Griffin, ed. (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell. Cambridge University Press. p. 85. ISBN 9780521636346. 
  4. Roberts, George W. (2013). Bertrand Russell Memorial Volume. Routledge. ISBN 9781317833024. 
  5. Rosalind Carey, John Ongley (2009). Historical Dictionary of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810862920. 
  6. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2003). Thomas Bonk, ed. Language, Truth and Knowledge: Contributions to the Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. Springer. p. 2. ISBN 9781402012068. 
  7. Wolfgang Händler, Dieter Haupt, Rolf Jelitsch, Wilfried Juling, Otto Lange (1986). CONPAR 1986. Springer. p. 15. ISBN 9783540168119. 
  8. Hao Wang (1990). Reflections on Kurt Gödel. MIT Press. p. 305. ISBN 9780262730877. 
  9. Phil Parvin (2013). Karl Popper. C. Black. ISBN 9781623567330. 
  10. Roger F. Gibson, ed. (2004). The Cambridge Companion to Quine. Cambridge University Press. p. 2. ISBN 9780521639491. 
  11. Robert F. Barsky (1998). Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent. MIT Press. p. 32. ISBN 9780262522557. 
  12. François Cusset (2008). French Theory: How Foucault, Derrida, Deleuze, & Co. Transformed the Intellectual Life of the United States. U of Minnesota Press. p. 97. ISBN 9780816647323. 
  13. Alan Berger, ed. (2011). Saul Kripke. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139500661. 
  14. Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard, John Woods, Theo A.F. Kuipers (2007). "The Logical Approach of the Vienna Circle and their Followers from the 1920s to the 1950s". General Philosophy of Science: Focal Issues: Focal Issues. Elsevier. p. 432. ISBN 9780080548548. 
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  20. Anita Burdman Feferman, Solomon Feferman (2004). Alfred Tarski: Life and Logic. Cambridge University Press. p. 67. ISBN 9780521802406. 
  21. Andrew Hodges (2012). Alan Turing: The Enigma. Princeton University Press. p. 81. ISBN 9780691155647. 
  22. Jacob Bronowski (2008). The Origins of Knowledge and Imagination. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300157185. 
  23. Nicholas Griffin, Dale Jacquette, ed. (2008). Russell vs. Meinong: The Legacy of "On Denoting". Taylor & Francis. p. 4. ISBN 9780203888025. 
  24. Sankar Ghose (1993). "V: Europe Revisited". Jawaharlal Nehru, a Biography. Allied Publishers. p. 46. ISBN 9788170233695. 
  25. "Street-Fighting Years: An Autobiography of the Sixties". Verso. p. 2005. 
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  29. James A. Marcum (2005). "1: Who is Thomas Kuhn?". Thomas Kuhn's Revolution: An Historical Philosophy of Science. Continuum. p. 5. ISBN 9781847141941. 
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  33. Carl Sagan (2006). Ann Druyan, ed. The Varieties of Scientific Experience: A Personal View of the Search for God. Penguin. ISBN 9781594201073. 
  34. George Crowder (2004). Isaiah Berlin: Liberty, Pluralism and Liberalism. Polity. p. 15. ISBN 9780745624778. 
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  38. Loretta Lorance, Richard Buckminster Fuller (2009). Becoming Bucky Fuller. MIT Press. p. 72. ISBN 9780262123020. 
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  43. John P. Anderson (2000). Finding Joy in Joyce: A Readers Guide to Ulysses. Universal-Publishers. p. 580. ISBN 9781581127621. 
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  46. Paul J. Nahin (2011). "9". Number-Crunching: Taming Unruly Computational Problems from Mathematical Physics to Science Fiction. Princeton University Press. p. 332. ISBN 9781400839582. 
  47. Mie Augier, Herbert Alexander Simon, James G. March, ed. (2004). Models of a Man: Essays in Memory of Herbert A. Simon. MIT Press. p. 21. ISBN 9780262012089. 
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  50. William M. Brinton, Alan Rinzler, ed. (1990). Without Force Or Lies: Voices from the Revolution of Central Europe in 1989–90. Mercury House. p. 37. ISBN 9780916515928. 
  51. David Wilkinson (2001). God, Time and Stephen Hawking. Kregel Publications. p. 18. ISBN 9780825460296. 
  52. Reiner Braun, Robert Hinde, David Krieger, Harold Kroto, Sally Milne, ed. (2007). Joseph Rotblat: Visionary for Peace. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9783527611270. 
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  55. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1973.0021
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  56. The Life of Bertrand Russell. Knopf. 1976. p. 119. ISBN 9780394490595. He became a relentless political activist during the First World War, and throughout his life was an ardent advocate of parliamentary democracy through the support first of the Liberal Party and then of Labour. 
  57. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "Bertrand Russell", 1 May 2003
  58. "I have imagined myself in turn a Liberal, a Socialist, or a Pacifist, but I have never been any of these things, in any profound sense."—Autobiography, p. 260.