ਟਾਂਕਾ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
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ਟਾਂਕਾ ਨਾਲ ਜੋੜ ਲਗਾਇਆ ਗਿਆ
Sn60Pb40ਟਾਂਕਾ

ਟਾਂਕਾ[1] ਮਿਸ਼ਰਤ ਧਾਤ ਟਿੰਨ ਅਤੇ ਸਿੱਕੇ ਦੇ ਤੱਤਾਂ ਤੋਂ ਬਣਦੀ ਹੈ। ਇਹ ਬਹੁਤ ਨਰਮ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਇਸ ਦੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ ਇਲੈਕਟਰਾਨਿਕ ਦੀਆਂ ਚੀਜਾਂ ਦੀਆਂ ਤਾਰਾਂ ਜੋੜਨ ਜਾਂ ਸੀਟਾਂ ਜੋੜਨ ਵਾਸਤੇ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ। ਨਰਮ ਟਾਂਕੇ ਦੀ ਪਿਘਲਣ ਦੀ ਰੇਂਜ 90 °C ਤੋਂ 450 °C ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਸਖਤ ਟਾਂਕੇ ਦੀ ਪਿਘਲਣ ਦਰ 450 °C ਤੋਂ ਵੱਧ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ।

ਕਿਸਮਾਂ[ਸੋਧੋ]

ਮਿਸਰਣ M.P. °C
S/L
ਜ਼ਹਿਰੀਲਾ ਗਲਣਾ Sn Pb Ag Cu Sb Bi In Zn Cd Au ਹੋਰ














Sn50Zn49Cu1 200/300 no 50 1 49
Sn95.5Cu4Ag0.5 226/260 no 95.5 .5 4
Sn90Zn7Cu3 200/222 no 90 3 7
Pb90Sn10 268/302
275/302
Pb no 10 90
Pb88Sn12 254/296 Pb no 12 88
Pb85Sn15 227/288 Pb no 15 85
Pb80Sn20 183/280 Pb no 20 80
Pb75Sn25 183/266 Pb no 25 75
Pb70Sn30 185/255 183/257 Pb no 30 70
Pb68Sn32 253 Pb no 32 68
Pb68Sn30Sb2 185/243 Pb no 30 68 2
Sn30Pb50Zn20 177/288 Pb no 30 50 20
Sn33Pb40Zn28 230/275 Pb no 33 40 28
Pb67Sn33 187–230 Pb no 33 67
Pb65Sn35 183/250 Pb no 35 65
Pb60Sn40 183/238 183/247 Pb no 40 60
Pb55Sn45 183/227 Pb no 45 55
Sn50Pb50 183/216 183–212 Pb no 50 50
Sn50Pb48.5Cu1.5 183/215 Pb no 50 48.5 1.5
Sn60Pb40 183/190</> 183/188 Pb near 60 40
Sn60Pb38Cu2 183/190 Pb 60 38 2
Sn60Pb39Cu1 Pb no 60 39 1
Sn62Pb38 183 Pb near 62 38
Sn63Pb37 183 Pb yes 63 37
Sn63Pb37P0.0015–0.04 183 Pb yes 63 37 P
Sn62Pb37Cu1 183 Pb yes 62 37 1
Sn70Pb30 183/193 Pb no 70 30
Sn90Pb10 183/213 Pb no 90 10
Sn95Pb5 238 Pb no 95 5
Pb92Sn5.5Ag2.5 286/301 Pb no 5.5 92 2.5
Pb80Sn12Sb8 Pb no 12 80 8
Pb80Sn18Ag2 252/260 Pb no 18 80 2
Pb79Sn20Sb1 184/270 Pb no 20 79 1
Pb55Sn43.5Sb1.5 Pb no 43.5 55 1.5
Sn43Pb43Bi14 144/163 Pb no 43 43 14
Sn46Pb46Bi8 120/167 Pb no 46 46 8
Bi52Pb32Sn16 96 Pb yes? 16 32 52
Bi46Sn34Pb20 100/105 Pb no 34 20 46
Sn62Pb36Ag2 179 Pb yes 62 36 2
Sn62.5Pb36Ag2.5 179 Pb yes 62.5 36 2.5
Pb88Sn10Ag2 268/290
267/299
Pb no 10 88 2
Pb90Sn5Ag5 292 Pb yes 5 90 5
Pb92.5Sn5Ag2.5 287/296
299/304
Pb no 5 92.5 2.5
Pb93.5Sn5Ag1.5 296/301
305/306
Pb no 5 93.5 1.5
Pb95.5Sn2Ag2.5 299/304 Pb no 2 95.5 2.5
In97Ag3 143 yes 3 97
In90Ag10 143/237 no 10 90
In75Pb25 156/165 Pb no 25 75
In70Pb30 160/174
165/175
Pb no 30 70
In60Pb40 174/185
173/181
Pb no 40 60
In50Pb50 180/209
178/210
Pb no 50 50
In50Sn50 118/125 no 50 50
In70Sn15Pb9.6Cd5.4 125 Pb,Cd 15 9.6 70 5.4
Pb75In25 250/264
240/260
Pb no 75 25
Sn70Pb18In12 162

154/167
Pb yes 70 18 12
Sn37.5Pb37.5In25 134/181 Pb no 37.5 37.5 25
Pb90In5Ag5 290/310 Pb no 90 5 5
Pb92.5In5Ag2.5 300/310 Pb no 92.5 2.5 5
Pb92.5In5Au2.5 300/310 Pb no 92.5 5 2.5
Pb94.5Ag5.5 305/364 Pb no 94.5 5.5
Pb95Ag5 305/364 Pb no 95 5
Pb97.5Ag2.5 303 Pb yes no 97.5 2.5
Sn97.5Pb1Ag1.5 305 Pb yes 97.5 1 1.5
Pb97.5Ag1.5Sn1 309 Pb yes 1 97.5 1.5
Pb54Sn45Ag1 177–210 Pb 45 54 1
Pb96Ag4 305 Pb 96 4
Pb96Sn2Ag2 252/295 Pb 2 96 2
Sn61Pb36Ag3 Pb 61 36 3
Sn56Pb39Ag5 Pb 56 39 5
Sn98Ag2 98 2
Sn65Ag25Sb10 233 yes 65 25 10
Sn96.5Ag3.0Cu0.5 217/220 217/218 near 96.5 3 0.5
Sn95.8Ag3.5Cu0.7 217–218 near 95.8 3.5 0.7
Sn95.6Ag3.5Cu0.9 217 yes 95.6 3.5 0.9
Sn95.5Ag3.8Cu0.7 217 almost 95.5 3.8 0.7
Sn95.25Ag3.8Cu0.7Sb0.25 95.25 3.8 0.7 0.25
Sn95.5Ag3.9Cu0.6 217 yes 95.5 3.9 0.6
Sn95.5Ag4Cu0.5 217 yes 95.5 4 0.5
Sn96.5Ag3.5 221 yes 96.5 3.5
Sn96Ag4 221–229 no 96 4
Sn95Ag5 221/254 no 95 5
Sn94Ag6 221/279 no 94 6
Sn93Ag7 221/302 no 93 7
Sn95Ag4Cu1 95 4 1
Sn 232 pure 99.99
Sn99.3Cu0.7 227 yes 99.3 0.7 (Ni)
Sn99Cu0.7Ag0.3 217/228 no 99 0.3 0.7
Sn97Cu3 227/250 97 3
Sn97Cu2.75Ag0.25 228/314 97 0.25 2.75
Zn100 419 pure 100
Bi100 271 pure 100
Sn91Zn9 199 yes 91 9
Sn85Zn15 199/260 no 85 15
Zn95Al5 382 yes 95 Al5
Sn91.8Bi4.8Ag3.4 211/213 no 91.8 3.4 4.8
Sn70Zn30 199/316 no 70 30
Sn80Zn20 199/288 no 80 20
Sn60Zn40 199/343 no 60 40
Pb63Sn35Sb2 185/243 Pb no 35 63 2
Pb63Sn34Zn3 170/256 Pb no 34 63 3
Pb92Cd8 310? Pb,Cd ? 92 8
Sn48Bi32Pb20 140/160 Pb no 48 20 32
Sn89Zn8Bi3 191–198 89 3 8
Sn83.6Zn7.6In8.8 181/187 no 83.6 8.8 7.6
Sn86.5Zn5.5In4.5Bi3.5 174/186 no 86.5 3.5 4.5 5.5
Sn86.9In10Ag3.1 204/205 86.9 3.1 10
Sn95Ag3.5Zn1Cu0.5 221L no 95 3.5 0.5 1
Sn95Sb5 235/240 no 95 5
Sn97Sb3 232/238 no 97 3
Sn99Sb1 232/235 no 99 1
Sn99Ag0.3Cu0.7 99 0.3 0.7
Sn96.2Ag2.5Cu0.8Sb0.5 217–225 217 96.2 2.5 0.8 0.5
Sn88In8.0Ag3.5Bi0.5 197–208 88 3.5 0.5 8
Bi57Sn42Ag1 137/139 139/140 42 1 57
Bi58Sn42 138 yes 42 58
Bi58Pb42 124/126 Pb 42 58
In80Pb15Ag5 142/149 Pb no 15 5 80
Pb60In40 195/225 Pb no 60 40
Pb70In30 245/260 Pb no 70 30
Sn37.5Pb37.5In26 134/181 Pb no 37.5 37.5 26
Sn54Pb26In20 130/154 Pb no 54 26 20
Pb81In19 270/280 Pb no 81 19

ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. "solder". Oxford Dictionaries.