ਇਰਾਕ ਯੁੱਧ

ਵਿਕੀਪੀਡੀਆ, ਇੱਕ ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਗਿਆਨਕੋਸ਼ ਤੋਂ
ਇਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਜਾਓ: ਨੇਵੀਗੇਸ਼ਨ, ਖੋਜ
ਇਰਾਕ ਯੁੱਧ
ਦਹਿਸ਼ਤ ਦੀ ਜੰਗ ਦਾ ਹਿੱਸਾ
Iraq War montage.png
Clockwise from top: U.S. troops at Uday and Qusay Hussein's hideout; insurgents in northern Iraq; an Iraqi insurgent firing a MANPADS; the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in Firdos Square.
ਮਿਤੀ 20 ਮਾਰਚ 2003 (2003-03-20) – 18 ਦਸੰਬਰ 2011 (2011-12-18)
(8 years, 8 months and 28 days)
ਥਾਂ/ਟਿਕਾਣਾ
ਨਤੀਜਾ
ਲੜਾਕੇ
Invasion phase (2003)

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Poland

support from:
ਫਰਮਾ:ਦੇਸ਼ ਸਮੱਗਰੀ Kurdistan Peshmerga

Invasion phase (2003)

Ba'athist Iraq

Post-invasion
(2003–11)

 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia (2003–09)
New Iraqi government

supported by:
ਫਰਮਾ:ਦੇਸ਼ ਸਮੱਗਰੀ IRN Iran[9][10]

ਫਰਮਾ:ਦੇਸ਼ ਸਮੱਗਰੀ Iraqi Kurdistan

Post-invasion (2003–11)

Iraqi Regional Branch


Sunni insurgents


Shia insurgents

supported by:
ਫਰਮਾ:ਦੇਸ਼ ਸਮੱਗਰੀ IRN Iran


For fighting between insurgent groups, see Sectarian violence in Iraq (2006–07).

ਫ਼ੌਜਦਾਰ ਅਤੇ ਆਗੂ
Ayad Allawi
Ibrahim al-Jaafari
Nouri al-Maliki
Ricardo Sanchez
George W. Casey, Jr.
David Petraeus
Raymond T. Odierno
Lloyd Austin
George W. Bush
Tommy Franks
Barack Obama
Tony Blair
Gordon Brown
David Cameron
John Howard

ਫਰਮਾ:ਦੇਸ਼ ਸਮੱਗਰੀ NATO Anders Fogh Rasmussen

Aleksander Kwaśniewski
Ba'ath Party
Saddam Husseinਫਰਮਾ:POW Skull and crossbones.svg
Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri

Sunni insurgency
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi 
Abu Ayyub al-Masri 
Abu Omar al-Baghdadi 
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
25px Ishmael Jubouri
Abu Abdullah al-Shafi'iਫਰਮਾ:POW


Shia insurgency
Muqtada al-Sadr
Shiism arabic blue.svg Abu Deraa
Qais al-Khazali
Akram al-Kabi

ਤਾਕਤ
Invasion forces (2003–04)
309,000

 United States: 192,000[14]
 United Kingdom: 45,000
 Australia: 2,000
 Poland: 194
ਫਰਮਾ:ਦੇਸ਼ ਸਮੱਗਰੀ Kurdistan Peshmerga: 70,000


Coalition forces (2004–09)
176,000 at peak
United States Forces – Iraq (2010–11)
112,000 at activation
Security contractors 6,000–7,000 (estimate)[15]
Iraqi security forces
805,269 (military and paramilitary: 578,269,[16] police: 227,000)
Awakening militias
≈103,000 (2008)[17]
Iraqi Kurdistan
≈400,000 (Kurdish Border Guard: 30,000,[18] Peshmerga 375,000)

Coat of arms of Iraq (1991-2004).svg Iraqi Armed Forces: 375,000 (disbanded in 2003)
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Special Iraqi Republican Guard: 12,000
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Iraqi Republican Guard: 70,000–75,000
Fedayeen Saddam SSI.svg Fedayeen Saddam: 30,000

Sunni Insurgents
≈70,000 (2007)[19]
al-Qaeda
≈1,300 (2006)[20]
Islamic State of Iraq
≈1,000 (2008)
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order
≈500–1,000 (2007)

ਮੌਤਾਂ ਅਤੇ ਨੁਕਸਾਨ
Iraqi Security Forces (post-Saddam)

ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ: 17,690[21]
ਜਖਮੀ: 40,000+[22]

Coalition forces
ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ: 4,815[23][24] (4,497 U.S.,[25] 179 UK,[26] 139 other)[23]
Missing/captured (U.S.): 17 (8 rescued, 9 died in captivity)[27]
ਜਖਮੀ: 32,753+ (32,226 U.S.,[28] 315 UK, 212+ other[29])[30][31][32][33] Injured/diseases/other medical*: 51,139 (47,541 U.S.,[34] 3,598 UK)[30][32][33]

Contractors
ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ: 1,554[35][36]
ਜਖਮੀ & injured: 43,880[35][36]

Awakening Councils
ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ: 1,002+[37]
ਜਖਮੀ: 500+ (2007),[38] 828 (2008)[39]

ਕੁੱਲ dead: 25,286
ਕੁੱਲ ਜਖਮੀ: 117,961

Iraqi combatant dead (invasion period): 7,600–10,800[40][41]

Insurgents (post-Saddam)
ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ: 26,544 (2003–11)[42]
Detainees: 12,000 (Iraqi-held)[43]
ਕੁੱਲ dead: 34,144–37,344

Estimated violent deaths:

Lancet survey (March 2003 – July 2006): 601,027 (95% CI: 426,369–793,663)[44][45]
Iraq Family Health Survey (March 2003 – July 2006): 151,000 (95% CI: 104,000–223,000)[46]

Documented deaths from violence:
Iraq Body Count (2003 – 14 December 2011): 103,160–113,728 civilian deaths recorded,[47] and 12,438 new deaths added from the Iraq War Logs[48]
Associated Press (March 2003 – April 2009): 110,600[49]

For more information see: Casualties of the Iraq War

* "injured, diseased, or other medical": required medical air transport. UK number includes "aeromed evacuations"
** ਕੁੱਲ deaths include all additional deaths due to increased lawlessness, degraded infrastructure, poorer healthcare, etc.

ਇਰਾਕ ਯੁੱਧ ਇੱਕ ਲੰਬਾ ਹਥਿਆਰਬੰਦ ਵਿਦਰੋਹ ਸੀ। ਇਹ ਅਮਰੀਕਾ ਅਤੇ ਇਸਦੇ ਸਾਥੀਆਂ ਦੁਆਰਾ ਇਰਾਕ ਦੇ 2003 ਦੇ ਹਮਲੇ ਤੋ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਹੋਇਆ ਸੀ। ਇਸ ਹਮਲੇ ਨੇ ਸਦਾਮ ਹੁਸੈਨ ਦੀ ਸਰਕਾਰ ਨੂੰ ਸੱਤਾ ਤੋਂ ਲਾਹ ਦਿੱਤਾ।


ਹਵਾਲੇ[ਸੋਧੋ]

  1. "Sectarian divisions change Baghdad's image". MSNBC. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2007. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The JRTN Movement and Iraq's Next Insurgency | Combating Terrorism Center at West Point". Ctc.usma.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  3. Michael Petrou (9 September 2011). "The decline of al-Qaeda". Maclean's. George W. Bush gambled on surging thousands more troops to the embattled country. It paid off. Al-Qaeda in Iraq is now a diminished force without territory. 
  4. Spencer C. Tucker. U.S. Conflicts in the 21st Century: Afghanistan War, Iraq War, and the War on Terror. ISBN 1440838798. Al Qaeda in Iraq was decimated by the end of the Iraq War in 2011 
  5. Galbraith, Peter W. (2007). The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War Without End. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0743294249. [page needed]
  6. "Iran expands regional 'empire' ahead of nuclear deal". Reuters. 
  7. "How to Stop Iran's Growing Hegemony - National Review Online". National Review Online. 
  8. "Al-Qaeda's Resurgence in Iraq: A Threat to U.S. Interests". U.S Department of State. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  9. Elaheh Rostami-Povey, Iran's Influence: A Religious-Political State and Society in its Region, p130-154, Zed Books Ltd 2010.
  10. http://cisac.fsi.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/Felter_Iranian_Strategy_in_Iraq.pdf
  11. ਫਰਮਾ:Cite av media
  12. "Operations By Iran's Military Mastermind - Business Insider". Business Insider. 9 July 2014. 
  13. "Operations By Iran's Military Mastermind - Business Insider". Business Insider. 9 July 2014. 
  14. "A Timeline of Iraq War, Troop Levels". The Huffington Post. 
  15. "Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Programs Charlene Lamb's Remarks on Private Contractors in Iraq". U.S. Department of State. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  16. International Institute for Strategic Studies; Hackett, James (ed.) (3 February 2010). The Military Balance 2010. London: Routledge. ISBN 1-85743-557-5. [page needed]
  17. Rubin, Alissa J.; Nordland, Rod (29 March 2009). "Troops Arrest an Awakening Council Leader in Iraq, Setting Off Fighting". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
  18. "The Kurdish peshmerga forces will not be integrated into the Iraqi army: Mahmoud Sangawi — Interview". Ekurd.net. 22 January 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  19. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index: Tracking Variables of Reconstruction & Security in Post-Saddam Iraq 1 October 2007
  20. Pincus, Walter. "Violence in Iraq Called Increasingly Complex". The Washington Post, 17 November 2006.
  21. 260 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in 2003,[1] 15,196 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ from 2004 through 2009 (with the exceptions of May 2004 and March 2009),[2] 67 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in March 2009,[3] 1,100 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in 2010,[4] and 1,067 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in 2011,[5] thus giving a ਕੁੱਲ of 17,690 dead
  22. "Iraq War" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 "Operation Iraqi Freedom". iCasualties. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  24. "Home and Away: Iraq and Afghanistan War Casualties". CNN. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
  25. "Casualty" (PDF). Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  26. "Fact Sheets | Operations Factsheets | Operations in Iraq: British Fatalities". Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 11 October 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  27. "POW and MIA in Iraq and Afghanistan Fast Facts". CNN. Retrieved 5 June 2014. ; As of July 2012, seven American private contractors remain unaccounted for. Their names are: Jeffrey Ake, Aban Elias, Abbas Kareem Naama, Neenus Khoshaba, Bob Hamze, Dean Sadek and Hussain al-Zurufi. Healy, Jack, "With Withdrawal Looming, Trails Grow Cold For Americans Missing In Iraq", The New York Times, 22 May 2011, p. 6.
  28. "Casualty" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  29. 33 Ukrainians [6], 31+ Italians [7] [8], 30 Bulgarians [9] [10], 20 Salvadorans [11], 19 Georgians [12], 18 Estonians [13], 16+ Poles [14] [15] [16] [17] [18], 15 Spaniards [19] [20] [21] [22], 10 Romanians [23], 6 Australians "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 April 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2011. , 5 Albanians, 4 Kazakhs [24], 3 Filipinos [25] and 2 Thais [26] ਗਏ-1-injured-br-0 for a ਕੁੱਲ of 212+
  30. 30.0 30.1 Many official U.S. tables at "Military Casualty Information". See latest ਕੁੱਲs for injury, disease/other medical
  31. "Casualties in Iraq".
  32. 32.0 32.1 iCasualties.org (was lunaville.org). Benicia, California. Patricia Kneisler, et al., "Iraq Coalition Casualties"
  33. 33.0 33.1 "Defence Internet Fact Sheets Operations in Iraq: British Casualties". UK Ministry of Defense. Latest combined casualty and fatality tables. Archived 14 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  34. http://siadapp.dmdc.osd.mil/personnel/CASUALTY/oif-ਕੁੱਲ.pdf
  35. 35.0 35.1 "Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) – Defense Base Act Case Summary by Nation". U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved 15 December 2011. 
  36. 36.0 36.1 T. Christian Miller (23 September 2009). "U.S. Government Private Contract Worker Deaths and Injuries". Projects.propublica.org. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  37. 185 in Diyala from June 2007 to December 2007,[27] 4 in assassination of Abu Risha, 25 on 12 November 2007,[28] 528 in 2008,[29] 27 on 2 January 2009,[30] 53 From 6 to 12 April 2009,[31] 13 on 16 November 2009,[32] 15 in December 2009,[33] 100+ from April to June 2010,[34] [35] 52 on 18 July 2010,[36] [37] ਕੁੱਲ of 1,002+ dead Archived 18 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  38. Moore, Solomon; Oppel, Richard A. (24 January 2008). "Attacks Imperil U.S.-Backed Militias in Iraq". The New York Times. 
  39. Greg Bruno. "Finding a Place for the 'Sons of Iraq'". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 26 December 2011. 
  40. Press release (28 October 2003). "New Study Finds: 11,000 to 15,000 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in Iraq War; 30 Percent are Non-Combatants; Death Toll Hurts Postwar Stability Efforts, Damages US Image Abroad". Project on Defense Alternatives (via Common Dreams NewsCenter). Retrieved 2 September 2010. Archived 17 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  41. Conetta, Carl (23 October 2003). "The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict — Project on Defense Alternative Research Monograph #8". Project on Defense Alternatives (via Commonwealth Institute). Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  42. 597 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in 2003,[38], 23,984 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ from 2004 through 2009 (with the exceptions of May 2004 and March 2009),[39] 652 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in May 2004,[40] 45 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in March 2009,[41] 676 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in 2010,[42] and 590 ਮਾਰੇ ਗਏ in 2011,[43] thus giving a ਕੁੱਲ of 26,544 dead
  43. "Amnesty: Iraq holds up to 30,000 detainees without trial". CNN. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  44. ""Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: a cross-sectional cluster sample survey"" (PDF).  (242 KB). By Gilbert Burnham, Riyadh Lafta, Shannon Doocy, and Les Roberts. The Lancet, 11 October 2006
  45. ""The Human Cost of the War in Iraq: A Mortality Study, 2002–2006"" (PDF).  (603 KB). By Gilbert Burnham, Shannon Doocy, Elizabeth Dzeng, Riyadh Lafta, and Les Roberts. A supplement to the October 2006 Lancet study. It is also found here: [44] [45]
  46. "Iraq Family Health Survey" New England Journal of Medicine 31 January 2008
  47. "Iraq Body Count". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  48. "Iraq War Logs: What the numbers reveal". Iraq Body Count. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  49. Kim Gamel (23 April 2009). "AP Impact: Secret tally has 87,215 Iraqis dead". Fox News. Retrieved 26 April 2014.